First of all, there are the technical differences between the two works pertaining to their authorship and date of completion. Man'yōshū was compiled by a few poets, but the main compiler was Ōtomo no Yakamochi. Man'yōshū's last poem is dated circa New Year's Day AD 759, and although the collection is attributed to spanning two centuries prior, it cannot be said that is true. The Kokinshū was also compiled by a few poets, namely Ki no Tsurayuki, Ki no Tomonori, Ōshikochi no Mitsune, and Mibu no Tadamine. Ki no Tsurayuki is considered to be the main compiler and editor, who helped complete the work around 905 AD.
In relation to the technical differences, the poetry organization within each collection is where the division of the two anthologies seem to take place. The Man'yōshū contains over 4500 poems: around 4200 tanka, 265 chōka, and 60 sedōka. The poems are divided into twenty volumes, but with seemingly little organization; the first two books are considered to be halves of each other, while the last four are all works by Ōtomo no Yakamochi, but the organization in the middle seems to lack in terms of theme of the poetry. The poetry could be termed one of three types in the Man'yōshū: banka (an elegy based on the death of a roya...
... middle of paper ...
...I find the selection in Keene's anthology to be more appealing than the Man'yōshū collection—the Man'yōshū collection has its strong points as well; I liked the “completion” of poems since they are chōka and can tell a story within one poem. However, with metaphors, one can have a little more room when interpreting a poem, which was more evident in the Kokinshū.
Citko, Malgorzata. Handouts 2 and 4.
Katō, S., & Sanderson, D. (1997). A history of japanese literature: from the man'yōshū to
modern times. Psychology Press. (Accessed on Google Books)
Keene, Donald. (Ed.). (1955). Anthology of japanese literature from the earliest era to the mid
nineteenth century. New York, NY: Grove Press.
Wixted, J.T., Rodd, L.R., Grzanka, L., & Henkenius, M.C. (1996). Kokinshu: a collection of poems ancient and modern. Cheng & Tsui. (Accessed on Google Books)
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- During the Heian Period (794 – 1185 AD) in Japan, poetry became a very popular art form. Two of the most significant pieces that came out of this time period were the Manyōshū and Kokinshū. The Manyōshū was the first anthology of poems ever created and the Kokinshū was the first anthology of poems ordered by imperial rule. They are not only important because they were the beginning of recorded Japanese art, but also because they greatly influenced and represented the culture and society at that time.... [tags: Japanese Literature, Poetry]
903 words (2.6 pages)
- Up until the early 17th century, American literature was chiefly about politics, religion, and recorded events. These writings were very dry and lacked insight into the everyday lives of the authors. To put into writing any individual spiritual reflections that strayed away from the religion of the colony could be dangerous at that time; possibly resulting in banishment from the colony or worse. Likewise, any writing that did not serve at least one of the purposes listed above was considered to be a waste of time that would be better spent praising God.... [tags: American Literature ]
992 words (2.8 pages)
- This paper will discuss and compare the anthologies of Manʻyōshū and Kokinshū, which were the earliest poetry collections of the classical period in Japan. Manʻyōshū was the earliest anthology of poems and included both long and short forms. It was compiled in the 7th century. Kokinshū was a collection of short poems known as tanka, consisting of 31 syllables. It was compiled in the 8th-10th century. The Kokinshū became the poetry standard for the next 1,000 years in Japan. (The Manyōshū and Kokinshū Poetry Collections) The Manʻyōshū, also known as the Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves, is the earliest collection of Japanese poetry which was compiled sometime in 759 AD and was divided into... [tags: poetry, contrast]
867 words (2.5 pages)
- In the nineteenth century, following the devastating American Civil War, author John Greenleaf Whittier wrote a lengthy poem designed to solve both personal and national problems. Whittier hoped that his poetry could stitch together the festering wounds left by the Civil War. While composing his work, Whittier realized that a reminder of good times from the past would assist his fragile country in its reconstruction; his poem “Snow-Bound: A Winter Idyl” became the vehicle through which he achieved this goal.... [tags: Literature]
1486 words (4.2 pages)
- The Man'yōshū and the Kokinshū are two of the most famous poetry collections in Japan. Both had a significant role in laying the foundation for Japanese literature. The Man’yōshū is the earliest existing private collection of Japanese poetry compiled in 759 CE. During the Nara period when the Japanese were massively importing everything from culture to bureaucratic systems to literature from China, the Man’yōshū was created to differentiate Japanese poetry or waka from Chinese poetry. It is also known for containing poets from various social classes and areas in Japan.... [tags: compare, contrast, comparison, japanase culture]
878 words (2.5 pages)
- Man’yōshū is also known as the collection of ten thousand leaves but in a more literary and poetic sense could be portrayed as ten thousand generations. It is also seen as the earliest official oldest and greatest anthologies of Japanese poetry. Regardless of its name (could be seen as ten thousand poems) it actually only is composed of about 4,500 waka or 20 poem books. One distinction that could be made despite its popularity is it has no preface. Man’yōshū stands out because of its possession of passion, sincerity (or Makoto 真), pleasantness and most of all, it is really straightforward and to the point.... [tags: compare, contrast, comparison, poetry, japan, anth]
1205 words (3.4 pages)
- The Man’yōshū was compiled in the late 7th century and the first half of the 8th century and contains 4, 516 poems. Although the compiler of the Man’yōshū is unknown, it is believed that one of the major compilers was Ōtomo no Yakamochi. The Kokinwakashū, or more commonly known as the Kokinshū, contains 1, 111 poems and its compilation finished in ca. 905. The compilation of the Kokinshū was ordered by Emperor Daigo and the task was appointed to Ki no Tsurayuki, Ki no Tomonori, Ōshikōchi no Mitsune, and Mibu no Tadamine.... [tags: japanase, poetry, waka ]
1298 words (3.7 pages)
- Man'yōshū and Kokinshū are two of the most important anthologies in Japan. Both of them have had great impacts on traditional Japanese poems, as well as contemporary writings. Although both of Man'yōshū and Kokinshū are extant collections of Japanese poetry, they are very different in various aspects. Differences in their forms, techniques, contents, expressions and aesthetic principles are possibly due to the time of completion. By comparing the aforementioned aspects in Man'yōshū and Kokinshū, distinct characteristics of each of them will be ultimately explained and revealed.... [tags: compare, contrast, japanase poem]
1186 words (3.4 pages)
- Man’yoshu and Kokinshuu are some of the earliest anthologies of Japanese poetry to be considered literary canons. The Man’yoshu dates back to the 8th century and contains 4,516 poems. Man’yoshu, which is translated as “Collection of Ten Thousands Leafs”, was compiled from a wide range of Japan society, where many of the authors remained anonymous. The Kokinshuu appears later in Japan’s history and is an anthology from 905 AD that contains a total of 1,111 poems. The compilers for the Kokinshuu are Ki no Tsurayuki, Ki no Tomonori, Oshikochi no Mitsune, and Mibu no Tadamine.... [tags: Japanese Literature, Poetry]
1309 words (3.7 pages)
- In Japan, two poetic anthologies, the Man’yōshū and the Kokinshū, are highly revered as literary embodiments of the Japanese spirit. Though both are similar in their purposes as literature, the intent behind compiling each anthology as well as the legacy each has left behind differ greatly. With its inclusion of poets from all classes and embodiment of makoto or sincerity, the Man’yōshū helped the Japanese form a national identity through its poetry. The Kokinshū was able to build on this foundation and establish such poetry as a high art form using miyabi, or refinement and elegance, helping Japan further establish its own independent place in the literary world.... [tags: compare, comparison, japan]
1111 words (3.2 pages)