Cultures are typically divided into two categories: collectivist and individualist. Individualist cultures, like the United States and Western Europe, focus on personal achievement regardless of the expense of group goals, which results in a strong sense of competition. Collectivist cultures, like China, Korea, and Japan, emphasize family and work group goals above individual needs or desires.
The Asian culture is a collectivist culture, meaning “it stands for a society in which people from birth onwards are integrated into strong cohesive in-groups, which throughout people’s lifetime continue to protect them in exchange for unquestioning loyalty (Rudenstam, 2012, p.260)”. Rudenstam defines individualism as: giving priority to one’s own goals and defining one’s identity in terms of personal attributes, and collectivism: giving priority to the goals of one’s groups and defining one’s identity in terms of group attributes (Rudenstam, p.1).
The disadvantages of a collectivist culture are that people can have a strong fear of rejection. In Chinese society, collectivism has a long tradition based on Confucianism, where being a 'community man' or someone with a 'social personality' is valued. Confucianism is a system ...
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...of exposure to each other’s cultures and traditions.
Couples often meet through religious institutions, work, school, or friends. "Dating services," services that are geared to assist people in finding partners, are popular both on and offline. The trend over the past few decades has been for more and more couples deciding to live together before, or instead of, getting married. The 2000 Census reported 9.7 million different-sex partners living together and about 1.3 million same-sex partners living together. Marriage laws are established by individual state. Same-sex marriage is currently legal only in Massachusetts. Two other states, Connecticut and Vermont, allow same-sex couples access to state-level marriage benefits with civil unions. In many states, it is illegal to cross state lines to get a marriage that would be illegal in the home state. (Brislin, 1990)
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