It can be seen as though Swift’s intention is to ridicule throughouth the text. He portrays the uses satire in human nature, rulers and government. However, this point is arguable to say the least. In Part IV of his book, Swift provides illustrations of the two poles of the human condition as Lemuel Gulliver, the main character, finds himself on an island inhabited by two species. He encounters the Houyhnhnms who are horse-like animals and the Yahoos who are more human-like. The Houyhnhnms are seen to be noble and intelligren . They are solely operated by reason. The Yahoos are the complte opposite. They are seen to be dirty barbaric beings. Although there are faults to be found in each species, it is almost as Swift is trying to provide an illustration of the extremes of humanity so that people can understand the dichotomy possible in human nature.
One of Swift’s favorite focal points is the absurdity of war. This is illustrated by the Lilliputians who uncover the idiotic nature of war in any society. The Little-Ender and Big-Ender war began because of an argument that manifest about the correct way to break an egg. The war persisted and the cause of th...
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...d animals that ate when they weren’t hungry, and valued shiny rocks – a clear mockery of human civilization. Furthermore, they elected their leaders on the basis of chosing whoever was the most vicious.
Swift developed a very clever method of portraying what he viewed as society’s faults in Gulliver’s Travels. He provided two extremes which represented an exaggerated view of mankind’s potential. Although neither extreme is completely desirable in its totality, there is obviously one path that is more desirable than the other for humanity. It seems that Swift’s main goal is to clearly illustrate the flaws of human nature as a whole in a way in which they can be clearly recognized. I don’t this that Swift is necessarily a misanthrope, as has been suggested. Rather, he is using fiction to help people see the implications of their decisions on a collective basis.
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