To begin, Mandatory minimum sentences result in prison overcrowding, and based on several studies, it does not alleviate crime, for example crimes such as shoplifting or solicitation. These sentencing guidelines do not allow a judge to take into consideration the first time offender, differentiate the deviance level of the offender, and it does not allow for the judge to alter a punishment or judgment to each individual case. When mandatory sentencing came into effect, the drug lords they were trying to stop are not the ones being affected by the sentences. It is the nonviolent, low-level drug users who are overcrowding the prisons as a result of these sentences. Both the U.S. Sentencing Commission and the Department of Justice have determined that mandatory sentencing is not an effective way to deter crime. Studies show that mandatory minimums have gone downhill due to racial a...
... middle of paper ...
... OUT OF GET TOUGH JUSTICE? Criminology & Public Policy, 5(1), 37-43. Retrieved December 6, 2010, from Criminal Justice Periodicals. (Document ID: 1016637721).
DELIBERATING CRIME AND PUNISHMENT: A WAY OUT OF GET TOUGH JUSTICE? Criminology & Public Policy, 5(1), 37-43. Retrieved November 23, 2010, from Criminal Justice Periodicals. (Document ID: 1016637721).
Oct 1993. Retrieved November 18, 2010. Vol. 79. 134 pages (Document ID: 0747-0088) Published by American Bar Association
Mandatory Sentencing Laws and Drug Offenders in New York State. Retrieved November 15, 2010, from http://www.drugpolicy.org/library/factsheets/mandatory_ny.cfm. Compiled by Anonymous , The Correctional Association of New York. March 1999.
Cindy Swirko. (2010). Florida drug sentences too harsh? Retrieved November 15, 2010 from http://www.gainesville.com/article/20100814/articles/8141011.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In the 1980’s the crack epidemic was in full swing. To combat drug-related crime, congress passed the Anti-Drug Abuse Act in 1986 (Edwards). For the first time mandatory minimum sentencing went into effect for the criminal possession of cocaine and other illegal drugs. Then in 1994, to combat violent crime, Bill Clinton signed the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act (Edwards). New mandatory sentencing guidelines were recommended by the federal government. States that accepted the new guidelines were then awarded funds by the feds to build additional prisons and jails, and thus the prison-industrial complex was born (Schlosser).... [tags: Mandatory sentencing, Crime, Prison]
1253 words (3.6 pages)
- Sentencing is arguably the most important stage in the criminal justice system. Policing strategies and prosecutorial discretion may decide who ends up at this stage in the system, but it is sentencing that allows these strategies and decisions to compound factors that result in a disproportionate representation of minorities within the criminal justice system. African Americans account for “13% of the general US population, yet they compose 28% of all arrests, 40% of all inmates held in prisons and jails, and 42% of the population on death row” (Harvey & Vuong 2).... [tags: Prison, Drug addiction, Mandatory sentencing]
1134 words (3.2 pages)
- Mandatory minimums, harsh prison sentences imposed on offenders by law, where discretion is limited. Offenders, most of the time nonviolent, are faced with prison terms that are meant for a drug kingpin, not a low level first or second time offender. Mandatory minimums have been proven not to be the answer in our criminal justice system and need to be changed. Mandatory Minimums has created a problem within our society where we send everyone to prison and don 't present offenders with better opportunities.... [tags: Prison, Mandatory sentencing, Crime]
1528 words (4.4 pages)
- Mandatory sentencing is not anything new. It began in the 1970s. The main purpose for mandatory sentencing was to try to get rid of the drug lords and to eliminate most of the nation’s street drug selling. It was to impose that the same crime would have the same sentence all over the nation. Some of the negatives that rose from mandatory sentencing were nonviolent drug offenders and first time offenders who were receiving harsh sentences. Inmate populations and correction costs increased and pushed states to build more prisons.... [tags: Criminal Justice ]
1772 words (5.1 pages)
- Over 2 million people incarcerated in the United States of America, it does sounds like a lot of people, however, with nearly 350,000,000 million people in the United States of America, it makes that number sound a little smaller. Fact, society is violent, and has always been violent, furthermore, will always be violent, the question we should ask is, do we pay now, or ten fold later. Many factors come into play when dealing with the criminal justice system, in regards to, the incarceration of the people who cannot live amongst us.... [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, United States]
756 words (2.2 pages)
- Mandatory minimum sentencing is the practice of requiring a predetermined prison sentence for certain crimes. The most notable mandatory minimums are the ones implemented in the 70’s and 80’s, hoping to combat the rising drug problem. Mandatory minimum sentencing has existed in the United States nearly since its very birth, with the first mandatory minimums being put into place around 1790. Recently, as the marijuana laws of many states have scaled back in severity, the issue of mandatory minimums has caused controversy in the US.... [tags: Crime, Drug addiction, Illegal drug trade]
1495 words (4.3 pages)
- Mandatory sentencing has been a very controversial topic since its beginning. According to a survey in 1997 of more than 400 State and Federal judges were against minimum sentencing (Waller, 2009).This process of minimum sentencing was termed the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984. Before this reform, the discretion of what a criminal was sentenced with was left up to the judge. It was felt that judges had too much leeway and some were using other mitigating circumstances in determining what the sentence for an offender would be.... [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Criminology]
1123 words (3.2 pages)
- Negative Consequences of Mandatory Sentencing In recent years several mandatory sentencing laws have been put into motion. The original goals of the mandatory sentencing laws were to stop repeat offenders and to exhibit a "get tough attitude" on crime. These laws have not been working as intended, instead mandatory sentencing has led to some unfortunate consequences. Some of these consequences are overcrowding in prisons and less prison based rehabilitation. Mandatory sentencing laws do not narrowly target major drug traffickers.... [tags: Papers]
738 words (2.1 pages)
- Everyone Deserves a Second Chance Each year a large number of children even as young as 13 are being sent to prison without a second chance. Children of any age should have a right to a fair hearing of any crime that they have committed. There are even times, when children were just being too close to the area where the crime was committed, without a fair hearing they were sent to jail by mandatory sentencing without a parole. American Civil Liberties Union in the article “End Juvenile Life Without Parole” informs us that currently twenty-nine states still have juvenile mandatory sentencing without parole (ACLU).... [tags: Prison, Life imprisonment, Penology, Human rights]
819 words (2.3 pages)
- It was June 18, 1971, the day that the United States of America would change forever. It was the day that President Richard Nixon declared that the war on drugs was the number one priority in the American criminal justice system. Throughout the years following this speech congress enacted a number of laws to keep with the president 's wishes, one of which, was mandatory minimum drug sentences. Mandatory minimum drug sentences are exactly what they sound like mandatory sentences for various drug offenses.... [tags: Prison, Mandatory sentencing, United States]
1039 words (3 pages)