The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States (Cook 210). There are over 100 types of HPV viruses and 30 or more of these viruses that can be sexually transmitted. (Vamos, McDermott, Daley 303). There are approximately 20 million people in the United States that are infected with HPV, and there are about 6.2 million new HPV cases each year (Vamos, McDermott, and Daley 303). Even though most HPV cases are non-cancerous, two of the HPV strains are known to cause 70 percent of cervical cancer, and the other two strains cause 90 percent of genital warts cases (Javitt, Berkowitz, and Gostin 384). Mendenhall, Elisa, and O'Mara stated, "Because of the cancer link, the strains that are the greatest medical concerns are those that are sexually transmitted"(49). It is estimated that it costs the United States about five billion dollars each year to diagnose and treat HPV related diseases (Cook 211).
In the fall of 2006, Michigan was the first state to introduce legislation requiring the vaccine Gardasil before students enrolled in public school (Mendenhall, Elissa, and O’Mara 45). Then, on February 2, 2007, Governor Rick Perry of Texas issued an executive order that required all middle school aged girls to be vaccinated against HPV (Javitt, Berkowitz, and Gostin 386). Javitt, Berkowitz, and Gostin stated, "The HPV vaccine is the first to be mandated for only one gender"(390). Governor Perry felt that he had to mandate the vaccine due to his strong belief that this vaccination would be able to protect millions of young women from cervical cancer. "The HPV vaccine is perhaps the first in a long line of cancer vaccines on the horizon, and ...
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Cook, Kristin. "Ethical And Legal Issues Accompanying Legislation Requiring Hpv Vaccination Of Girls." Health Matrix: Journal Of Law-Medicine 18.1 (2008): 209-228. Academic Search Complete. Web. 9 Nov. 2013.
Vamos, C, Mcdermott, R, & Daley, E 2008, 'The HPV Vaccine: Framing the Arguments FOR and AGAINST Mandatory Vaccination of All Middle School Girls', Journal Of School Health, 78, 6, pp. 302-309, Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 10 November 2013.
Adams, Heather P., and Erica L. Carnright. "HPV Infection And Cervical Cancer Prevention." Clinician Reviews 23.9 (2013): 42-50. Academic Search Complete. Web. 10 Nov. 2013
Javitt, Gail, Deena Berkowitz, and Lawrence O. Gostin. "Assessing Mandatory HPV Vaccination: Who Should Call The Shots?." Journal Of Law, Medicine & Ethics 36.2 (2008): 384. Publisher Provided Full Text Searching File. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.
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