Essay Management of White-tailed Deer in National Parks

Essay Management of White-tailed Deer in National Parks

Length: 1393 words (4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The deer (Odocoileus spp.) may be one of the most valued and the most viewed mammalian wildlife species in North America. Millions of outdoor visitors savor the sights of deer and try to capture them on film. State fish and game agencies regard deer as a renewable, harvestable resource for viewing and hunting. Sport hunters annually bag about 1 million mule deer (O. hemionus) and 2 million white-tailed deer (O. virginianus). However, deer may cause profound damage by browsing on garden vegetables, flowers, ornamental bushes, and crops. Collisions of automobiles with deer in some areas of the country have increased to alarming levels. In some national parks, deer are a natural resource that may have to be managed. About 50 units in the National Park System in the eastern United States and in the Midwest have identified possible or potential conflicts between the management goals and objectives of parks and white-tailed deer.
Density and Distribution of White-tailed Deer

An estimated 23-40 million white-tailed deer inhabited North America before the arrival of Europeans. An estimated 14-20 millions are believed to inhabit the United States today. The species occurs throughout the conterminous United States except in some parts of the Southwest. It is the only species of Odocoileus in the North Atlantic, Mid-Atlantic, National Capitol, and Southeast regions of the National Park Service.
Since the late 1950s, densities of white-tailed deer in many areas of the eastern United States have increased to previously unattained levels and the distribution across the former range has changed drastically. The causes of the changes are various. For example, continuing fragmentation of forested lands into agricultural, suburban, and other t...


... middle of paper ...


...rcumstances.
Research

Current research on white-tailed deer in the National Park Service is primarily into the role and possible effects of the animals on naturally functioning ecosystems and the effects of the animals on historical and cultural scenes. More than 20 site-specific studies of white-tailed deer were conducted in the past 10 years. Other research has been into the interrelations of deer and vegetation, population densities, responses of plant species to browsing by deer, the effects of deer on threatened and endangered plants and animals, and the deer as reservoirs of diseases such as lyme disease.
For the coordination of research and management of white-tailed deer, the National Park Service established an interregional white-tailed deer team. The team assists parks with developing objectives, monitoring of deer, and criteria for judging conflicts.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Hunting Is An Essential Factor Of Modern Management Of Wildlife Essay

- Hunting can be considered the practice of trapping or killing animals, or pursuing them with the intention of either trapping or killing them. Although this practice was a vital part of the survival of humans 100,000 years ago, it is now considered a violent form of recreation that a majority of hunters do not require for subsistence (National Research Council, 1995). This is because it has contributed heavily to the endangerment, extinction and extirpation of animal species globally. Less than 5% of the population which accounts to 13.7 million people in the United States hunts animals, yet hunting is allowed in numerous national forests, state parks, wildlife refuges and other public lands...   [tags: Hunting, Deer, Mammal, White-tailed deer]

Powerful Essays
1222 words (3.5 pages)

Letter Of The Garden Ridge City Council Essay

- 1. Call to Order With a quorum of the City Council members present, Mayor Knaus called the regular meeting of the Garden Ridge City Council to order at 6:00 p.m. on Wednesday, December 7, 2016, in the City Council Chambers of the Garden Ridge City Hall, 9400 Municipal Parkway, Garden Ridge, Texas 78266. 2. Pledge of Allegiance Councilmember Thompson led the Pledge of Allegiance. He asked for everyone to remember Pearl Harbor Anniversary is today. He also asked everyone to remember that our freedom has come at the cost of soldier’s life....   [tags: White-tailed deer, Hunting, Councillor]

Powerful Essays
2240 words (6.4 pages)

Essay on The Effects Of Hunting And Fishing On The Economy

- Many people see hunting and fishing as the slaughtering of innocent animals for no reason other than sport and fun. However, the truth is, hunting and fishing are beneficial to people, environments, and the economy. Hunting and fishing are beneficial to the economy because they cause a major economic impact. Hunting and fishing are beneficial to environments and people because they reduce damages done by wildlife overcrowding. Hunting and fishing are also beneficial to people because they provide a healthy, affordable source of food....   [tags: Hunting, Deer, Food, Wildlife management]

Powerful Essays
1785 words (5.1 pages)

An Inside Look at the White-Tailed Deer Essay

- In the early 1900s, there were only 500,000 white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus, in the United States (Insurance Institute for Highway and Safety, 2004). Since the settlers arrived, hunts for meat and hides have nearly caused the extinction of the white-tailed deer species. The beginning of the twentieth century marked a turning point in the human drive to save the deer. States began to limit hunting and preserve open space, which would have otherwise been used for agriculture. Today, white-tailed deer have exceeded their carrying capacity; a recorded 15 million deer populate the United States....   [tags: deer-automobile collisions]

Powerful Essays
2464 words (7 pages)

Hunting At The Deer Lease Essay

- Growing up in a small town in South Central Texas, you get use to hearing the phrases, “Oh, I can’t I’m taking my kids out hunting this weekend.” and “My boy shot his first buck, last weekend out at the deer lease.” and my personal favorite courtesy of my own father, “I can’t go to your dance recital/ peewee rodeo/ jr high volleyball game, I’ll be out of town at the deer lease.” Growing up in a state that is predominately known for having decent whitetail deer and a moderate season, from a young age you learn that a lot of school functions and family functions will be dependant on how deer season falls in your area....   [tags: Hunting, White-tailed deer, Deer, Mule deer]

Powerful Essays
852 words (2.4 pages)

The Need For Deer Hunting Essay

- The Need for Deer Hunting Years ago, killing animals for food was part of the average man’s everyday life. While, now a days, hunting is questioned by many across the world because it is commonly viewed as a recreational activity. Many residents have a problem with the dangers that come with hunting. Not to mention, as time goes on, society seems to feel differently about animals and how they should be treated. One of the biggest debates is the harvest of white tailed deer. All over the United States, white tailed deer thrive because of the few predators that feast upon them and the large forests and habitats that these deer can flourish in....   [tags: Hunting, White-tailed deer, Deer, United States]

Powerful Essays
2063 words (5.9 pages)

The Effects Of Hunting On Deer Population Essay

- Walking through the woods on a peaceful, fall day, I stumble onto a herd of cotton tails. BANG. THUD. Dinner is served. Hunting has been argued to not be the best method practiced for controlling whitetail deer populations. Instead, different amicable ways of controlling the whitetail deer population have been recently exercised throughout several states, including Michigan. However, I believe that hunting remains the best way to control the deer population, and that the tranquil parties are camouflaging the truth from us....   [tags: White-tailed deer, Hunting, Deer, Tubal ligation]

Powerful Essays
1125 words (3.2 pages)

Stop A Deer Home With Me Essay

- As I sit here, I have the desire to take a deer home with me. Somewhere in these vast woods a buck is stepping, with no warning that today is the day that I capture him. There is an ominous crow cackle, one that any protagonist would consider as a warning, I consider it an opportunity. My deer did not accept this warning; at least it was not shown. Today was opening day for bow season in Michigan, which is the most peaceful of the opening days, with the exception of a few hunters who are frustrated with their archery skills and resort to gun powder....   [tags: Hunting, Deer, White-tailed deer, Predation]

Powerful Essays
1252 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on Organism Profile: The Northern White-tailed Deer

- The Northern White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) is one of the largest wild animals in the northeastern area of the United States. This species can be upwards of four feet tall and weigh over 300 pounds. Typically, this animal is found in forests, fields, and brush areas in the Northern region. In warmer months the White-tailed deer have a reddish brown coat with a white belly. In the winter months this deer’s coat changes to a gray-brown color. The male deer in this species are known as “bucks” and have antlers on their heads that can span upwards of three feet across....   [tags: deer populations, species, habitat, diet]

Powerful Essays
911 words (2.6 pages)

Essay about White Tailed Deer

- White tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) are one of the most common species of mammals seen in North America, the most common of large animals actually. The last official count of deer in the USA and Canada was done in 1982, at which time 15000000 were found at an average of 3 deer in every square kilometer. The deer are very much native and were hunted even by Native Americans. You may have even seen this species yourself. Some of the most common places to find them are in your own backyard, in parks, or even dazed at headlights in the middle of Winton Road....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
422 words (1.2 pages)