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The verb manage comes from the Italian maneggiare (to handle especially a horde), which in turn derives from the Latin manus (hand). The French word mesnagement (later Menagement), influenced the development in the meaning of the English word management in the 17th and 18th centuries (Wikipedia). Not only does management have many functions of development but it also has different levels of management, such as Top, Middle, Lower managements. Management has to do with many powers by position and areas, whereas leadership involves power by influence. Therefore, organization, coordination and controlling and other functions is what letting others know if the job has been done the right way, basically by following these procedure would be the definition of management. Back then it was simple to determine who were and weren't managers, managers were the organizational member who told others what and how to do it now. This topic would help the reader to accomplish broad and the understanding of management functions and different type of management's level.
Planning is the First function of a management that determines what, how, why shall be done, and who shall do it.
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Organization is the second function of management to determine the deliberate arrangement of the people in the organization to accomplish some specific purpose. Organization is also to configure resources to accomplish the preferred goals and establishing during the planning processes. Organization involves the division of work among employee from different culture and race. The main purpose of been organized is to establish efficient lines of responsibility and authority designed. For example, colleges or universities are considered organizations so are fraternities and sororities, government departments, churches local video stores. This is because they have the three main and common characteristics District Purpose, Deliberate Structure and people. On the other hand, one person working alone, is not considered an organization, you would need certain among of people to the work that's necessary to for the organization to achieve its goals. More specifically organizing may be defined as the process of logically grouping activities, delineating authority, responsibility and establishing working relationships that enable the employees, and thus the entire unit, to work with maximum efficiency.
Leading is the third function of management which involves working with and through people to accomplished organizational goals. Each company has the greatest chance of being successful when all employees work together to achieve the organization goals. Also leading is a very important behavior between management, employee and leaders. These behavioral theories of leadership sought to explain the relationship between what the leaders did and how the employees reacted, both emotionally and behaviorally. A leader can be a management but a management cannot certainly be a leader, because a manager already became a leader that's why he is where he is now. Managers must know how to lead as well as manage. Without leading as well as managing, today's organizations face the threat of extinction (John P. Kotter). Management is the process of setting and achieving the goals of the organization through the functions of management: planning, organizing, directing (or leading), and controlling. Thus, leading is a major part of a manager's job. Yet a manager must also plan, organize, and control. Generally speaking, leadership deals with the interpersonal aspects of a manager's job, whereas planning, organizing, and controlling deal with the administrative aspects. Leadership mostly deals with change, inspiration, motivation, and influence. Management deals more with carrying out the organization's goals and maintaining equilibrium.
Controlling is the fourth function of management that's involves monitoring, comparing and correcting work performance, technically speaking controlling is similar related to planning. The controlling process ensures that plans are being implemented properly to each individual organization. The control process is a continuous flow between measuring, comparing and action. There are four steps in the control process: establishing performance standards, measuring actual performance, comparing measured performance against established standards, and taking corrective action. Following these controlling process will lead to a well organized organization.
Coordinating is the one of the last function of management, coordination is taking a systematic approach to figuring out if you're doing what you wanted to be doing or not. For example, I work for Continental Airlines in Newark Liberty International Airport as a Hub Coordinator. My job and duties are to coordinated each individual arrival and departure flight, by me been the hub coordinator I have to make sure that all airport department met the required time, such as ramp agent, gate agent, cleaners, catering. Not only do I have to make sure all departments have meet their required time, but with also have to coordinated with the passenger, I would have to make sure that all passenger are on-board prior to departure. If I missing like 5 passengers that are connecting from another inbound arrival, I would have to coordinate with the headquarters of my company which In this case is located in Houston, Texas to coordinate with a 10 to 15 minutes hold to accommodated this 5 missing passenger. Is not an easy job but is sure very important for our organization.
In conclusion, without management, businesses and corporate industries would not be able to function properly. Management consist of many parts, that when brought together form a system that is very efficient. This has been demonstrated throughout history and is still evident in today's society.