Essay on Man as Laborer: Karl Marx

Essay on Man as Laborer: Karl Marx

Length: 1019 words (2.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview


In Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts and several notes excerpted from his other works, Karl Marx offers an interpretation of history based on the socioeconomic dichotomy between rich and poor. He classifies history as a record of the way a society organizes itself in order to satisfy the material needs (food, shelter, clothing etc.) of the people during any given point in time. Furthermore, Marx investigates the relationships among people caused by these material conditions, in order to better understand the effect a government. His theory asserts that the populace of a society stratified into social classes will experience a level of social estrangement that is dissimilar to our human nature, and the perceptible, concrete thing is considered to be datum of perception only; as a result of the exploitative manner in which the society produces its goods. Moreover, that this estrangement creates a divide among people, between those who manage and own the means of production, and those who sell their labor as means of production—facets of a capitalist government.
The basis of this hierarchical society (for Marx) is the process of production, which relies on two key elements: the ‘forces of production’ and the ‘relations of production.’ The format of production in a society is what determines all other things in a society—the ‘superstructure’. That is, everything else in a society that does not directly pertain to modes of production (legal systems, family, education, etc.). Though, it remains that the superstructure also reflects the interests and ideology of a class society, thereby preserving the economic system of private ownership. This system favors the bourgeoisie society insofar as it exploits the proletariat by paying them...


... middle of paper ...


...lieves that people of his time are only talking about knowledge rather than looking at the praxis of human activity in terms of revolutionary, or practical, critical activity. He does not simply want to give an account of a capitalistic society and the flaws within its system that reflect capitalist greed; Marx’s wants to examine the terms and material conditions for capitalist modernity, in order to give a better understanding of the logic of capitalism, an idea of what the human essence is and what is required to classify capitalization as a problem. Alienation is a foundational assertion in Marx’s theory of Man’s progression towards self-actualisation, and a useful tool in explaining the effect that capitalism has on human experience.



Works Cited

Marx, Karl, and David McLellan. Karl Marx: selected writings. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. Print.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Karl Marx 's The Communist Manifesto Essay

- In The Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx challenges the capitalist society and gives his solution to it. Marx takes a standing on capitalism with his book, The Communist Manifesto and displays his view of the problems of the society and how to fix them. Marx gives his critiques of capitalism and in a plethora of ways. Some of these critiques are the exploitation of the working man due to the greed of the ruling class and the working class becomes like slaves to their bourgeoisie masters. Marx also gives solutions to the problem, he makes the statement that capitalism needs to be worked and run as a whole not worked by the many and run by the few....   [tags: Karl Marx, Marxism, Capitalism, Communism]

Strong Essays
1009 words (2.9 pages)

Karl Marx 's Theory Of Alienation Essay examples

- Karl Marx’s Theory of Alienation: An Interpretation and Critical Evaluation Karl Marx is one of the most influential socialists, economists, and philosophers to emerge in the 19th century. His work was largely ignored by the scholars of his lifetime, yet has gained rapid acceptance since his death in 1883. One of his greatest works includes the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 which introduces his central concepts of alienation labor. In this essay I will provide an interpretation of what I understand Marx’s account of alienated labor to be well as a critical evaluation of the material he provides....   [tags: Capitalism, Karl Marx, Meaning of life, Marxism]

Strong Essays
1843 words (5.3 pages)

Karl Marx 's The Communist Manifesto And Sigmund Freud 's Civilization Essay

- Thinkers and philosophers have been pondering misery since the dawn of civilization. At the dawn of humanity, humans existed to survive and reproduce; every day was a struggle. However, with the advent of civilization, humanity has moved further and further away from its original evolutionary drives, and it can be argued by secular thinkers that humans exist now to find happiness. Therefore, misery can be seen as the biggest obstacle to human happiness, yet misery itself is a mystery to many. Karl Marx’s The Communist Manifesto and Sigmund Freud’s Civilization and its Discontents put forth the authors’ opinions on the origins of mortal misery, and suggest methods to solve the problem of mis...   [tags: Karl Marx, Marxism, Socialism, Communism]

Strong Essays
1505 words (4.3 pages)

The, Wealth Of Nations By Jean Jacques Rousseau, Adam Smith, And Karl Marx

- Throughout our history as a western civilization, we have made technologic advances and innovations that have furthered ourselves as a society and benefited us greatly by improving the quality of life. However, with these advantages there are also the disadvantages; these advances have also integrated injustice and inequality into our society. Through the writings of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Adam Smith, and Karl Marx, it can be shown how our western society has spiraled into a system of inequality amongst its communities....   [tags: Karl Marx, Capitalism, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

Strong Essays
855 words (2.4 pages)

A Summary of the Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx Essay

- A Summary of the Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx Karl Marx was an idealist. He observed the cruelties and injustices that the poor working class endured during the period of industrial revolution, and was inspired to write of a society in which no oppression existed for any class of people. Marx believed in a revolution that would end socialism and capitalism, and focus on communist principles. The Manifesto of the Communist Party, written by Karl Marx and edited by Frederick Engels, describes the goals of the communist party for ending exploitation of the working class and creating a society in which there is equality in society without social classes.1 The first part of the Manifesto...   [tags: Communist Manifesto Karl Marx Engels Communism]

Strong Essays
1585 words (4.5 pages)

Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto and the Industrial Proletariat Essay

- Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto and the Industrial Proletariat Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto was most appealing to and revolutionary for the industrial workers of 1848 (and those to come after that time). The call for unification of the proletariat and abolishment of the Bourgeoisie was an urgent one during a time of rapid progress in all aspects of industrial life. This urgency of The Communist Manifesto and the desire for change of political ideologies (to match the exponential rate of progress of wealth and industry) created not only a spate of revolutions, but a long lasting change in political ideas for industrialized European nations....   [tags: Karl Marx Communism Manifesto Essays]

Strong Essays
1403 words (4 pages)

Karl Marx and Humanity Essays

- Karl Marx, a modern German philosopher, forever altered our perception of who we are by offering a description of human nature that differs from traditional thinking. Although Marx’s theories were groundbreaking, they do not escape criticism. More specifically, differing views are offered for both the importance of labor and how our society shapes our nature. In this essay, I will be addressing these two opposing views and arguing for Marx’s description of human nature. Marx rejects the idea that human nature consists of any certain, particular activity....   [tags: modern philosopher, biography, thinking]

Strong Essays
1572 words (4.5 pages)

Karl Marx - The Victory of the Proletariat and the Fall of the Bourgeoisie

- Karl Marx - The Victory of the Proletariat and the Fall of the Bourgeoisie In the Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx writes of the proletariat working class on the verge of revolution due to the overwhelming oppression perpetrated by the bourgeoisie. Marx lays out a sequence of steps, which demonstrate the coming of the revolution, a revolution caused consequentially by the actions of the bourgeoisie. As the bourgeoisie constantly form new ways to revolutionize production, they invariably move toward a consequence wherein the working class discovers its oppression and turns to the only means of change possible, a complete revolution....   [tags: Marx Marxism Communism Essays]

Strong Essays
916 words (2.6 pages)

Karl Marx and Adam Smith Essay

- Karl Marx and Adam Smith Karl Marx and Adam Smith wrote in the same time period – during the industrial revolution, where the bourgeois had risen to power by oppressing and exploiting the proletariat. The term bourgeois refers to the people in the class of modern capitalists, owners of the means of social production and employers of wage labor. The proletarians are the people in the class of modern wage laborers who, having no means of production of their own, are reduced to selling their labor power in order to live....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
1390 words (4 pages)

Karl Marx Essays

- Karl Marx was the creator of Marxism and a new type of economy and government. His ideas were appealing to the working class people and emphasized the community rather than the individual. His theories spawned communism and his ideas still remain in effect in some modern day countries. Marx’s ideas originate from his experiences in Europe and his collaboration with Frederich Engels. In addition, Marx's work seems to be more of a criticism of Hegelian and other philosophy, than as a statement of his own philosophy....   [tags: essays research papers]

Strong Essays
868 words (2.5 pages)