One gender theory i have chosen to study is ‘The Male Gaze’, created by Laura Mulvey in 1975. This theory refers to the objectivation of women in the media, Mulvey suggest that the camera is in the point of view of a hetrosexual male, and therefor women exist purly for visual pleasure.
The first film i’ve chosen to study is Psycho (Alfred Hitchcock, 1960). Mulvey suggest the women connote a ‘to-be-looked-at-ness’, and Psycho’s ‘Lila Crane’, spend the vast majority of the trailer being looked at or watched. for example towards the end of the trailer, there is a clip of Lila in the shower while Bates watched her through a hole in the wall. This links to Mulvey 's idea of the camera being controlled by a hetrosexual male’s point of view (POV), as the audience is placed into Bate’s POV as he watches Lila shower. Another element of ‘The Male Gaze’ is women existing for visual pleasure, or being objectified/ sexulised, this is evidant throught the character of Lila and her death scene which is featured in the trailer. In these quick cut scenes, the audience witness Lila being stabbed while showering, despite not being completely sexulised it does show a woman in her most vulnerable state (naked) while being overpowered and killed by her attacker. She’s also sexulie...
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In silence of the Lambs, the roles are reversed as Clarice is masculinized and shown as having more typically male traits and villain ‘Buffalo Bill’ as having typically feminine traits. It’s clear in the trailer that expected gender roles are swapped, with links to Butler 's idea that gender roles are not biological but are instead created through culture and can be therefore exploured. Clarice goes against her prescribed gender roles by wearing a man 's style suit with trousers and doing the typically male job of hunting down and stopping the killer, Bill swaps into a female role by having quick shots of him doing himself up by applying make up and doing his hair, something we would expect Carice to be doing. Bill does however keep some form of his masculinity by being a monstrous villain with the possibility of overpowering Clarice.
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- In Se7en, female characters are hardly displayed or played in a clearly constructed role that ideological society planned for them: supporting the man. In “Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema”, Laura Mulvey states “Psychoanalytic theory is this appropriate here as a political weapon, demonstrating the way the unconscious of patriarchal society has structure film form” (837). By looking at the three looks associated with cinema: the camera, the audience, and the characters at each other she discuss the constructed gender roles within society’s ideology.... [tags: Sociology, Gender role, Laura Mulvey, John Doe]
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- According to feminist film theorist Laura Mulvey, the cinema offers a number of possible “pleasures”. One being scopophilia. Scopophillia is the deriving pleasure from looking and in some instances, the pleasure in being looked at. This fetish isn’t so hard to deny in regards to cinema given the fact that the spectators themselves can only be identified with the camera. The camera in accordance to the spectators creates an all-seeing and all powerful-position for them to be in. If that be the case, Christian Metz brings up a valid point by stating “The practice of the cinema is only possible through the perceptual passions; the desire to see.... [tags: Gender role, Woman, Gender, Laura Mulvey]
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- A challenge that faces both Canadian cinema and women’s cinema is the idea of the male gaze. The film industry is a phallocentric institution that since its inception has always faced the problem of objectifying women. As well Canada has faced similar problems long before the existence of film in the form of the colonial gaze, with attempts from both Britain and France to take what Canada had to offer and make it its own. In the film Away From Her (2006) Sarah Polley recognizes this problem that the gaze has on both the identity of women and Canada in film, and tries to express these problems by foregrounding the gaze to show it in a way that is unusual.... [tags: Canada, cinema, film, women, identity, Polley]
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- In the early 1990s Laura Mulvey’s thesis concerning the patriarchal structure of an active male gaze has influenced feminist film critiques and Hollywood. Mulvey’s project is to use psychoanalysis to uncover the power of patriarchy in Hollywood cinema. Patriarchal influence upon cinema is found primarily in pleasure (pleasure in looking) or as Freud’s has put it, scopophilia. Mulvey suggests that it may be possible to create a new for of cinema due to the fact that patriarchy power to control cinematic pleasure has revealed.... [tags: Gender]
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- Feminist film theorist, Laura Mulvey, refuses to use classicism. She structures her film, Riddles of the Sphinx, through modernism. Mulvey believes that classicism is built for the male’s pleasure. This attraction can be explained through the term scopophilia, the pleasure of looking. Society has limits, but films can explore these desires according to Mulvey. She also expresses the desire of narcissism, being in love with yourself. Narcissistic visual pleasure can be derived from self-identification, someone’s ideal self ego.... [tags: hollywood cinema, modernism]
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