Major Depressive Disorder And Suicide Essay

Major Depressive Disorder And Suicide Essay

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This paper will focus on major depressive disorder and suicide. I will define and explain both topics thoroughly. Major depressive disorder (MDD) and suicide are two, unfortunate, but common issues in psychology today. MDD is a form of depression that is chronic and debilitating. As a result of a depressive disorder like MDD, suicide is often thought of and/or carried out. It is important to be educated on each of these psychological problems individually in order to understand them and their connection. In this paper I will provide the history, prevalence, causes, diagnosis, treatment options and prognosis for MDD and the history, prevalence, risk factors, signs, methods, and treatment and prevention strategies for someone at risk for suicide.

Major Depressive Disorder and Risk of Suicide

Throughout the course of a lifetime a person will, most likely, experience many ups and downs. As a person faces milestones such as graduation, marriage, having children, etc., it is expected that feelings of joy and excitement will be present. Likewise, when a person faces devastating obstacles like loss of a loved one, divorce, getting fired from a job, etc., feelings of despair and sadness will ensure. These are normal feelings that all people can expect to experience but for some the feelings don’t go away with time. These people mat be experiencing depression. According to Merriam-Webster depression is defined as, “a psychoneurotic or psychotic disorder marked especially by sadness, inactivity, difficulty in thinking and concentration, a significant increase or decrease in appetite and time spent sleeping, feelings of dejection and hopelessness, and sometimes suicidal tendencies” (Merriam-Webster). Even more debilitating than depression...


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...ling oneself has been documented as far back as the Old Testament.

PREVELENCE:
Suicide is the tenth leading cause of death in the United States, with 36,547 individuals choosing to take their own life in one year (Comer). It is estimated that about one million people die, in one year, from suicide throughout the world. “Around twenty-five million other people throughout the world—600,000 in the United States—make unsuccessful attempts to kill themselves” (Comer, 2014, p.286). Although there are statistics about suicide, some of them may be inaccurate. It is possible for some deaths, ruled as accidents, to have actually been suicide. Some drug overdoses, car accidents, drownings, and other accidents were probably intentional (Comer, 2014, p.286). It is common for families to not accept suicide as the cause of death because it is often frowned upon in our society.

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