Mainland China vs Taiwan Essay

Mainland China vs Taiwan Essay

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Conflicts between polarized contingents and belligerency about opposing ideologies have filled China’s history. For instance, the Chinese Civil War that began in 1927 resulted from a political clash between two groups that politically and ideologically opposed each other: Nationalism, led by the Kuomintang (KMT), and Communism, led by the Communist Party of China (CPC). While the Nationalists were rooted in Sun Yat-sen’s teachings- mainly, his Three Principles of the People that enumerated the moral and structural foundations of the KMT government- the Communists were led by Mao Zedong, who embraced a Marxist form of governance. After an eight-year intermission, during which the parties focused their efforts against the Japanese invasion, the Civil War re-intensified. In 1949, the CPC emerged from the conflict victorious, thus forcing the Kuomintang contingent, including many of the intellectuals and wealthy citizens of the Mainland, to retreat to the island of Taiwan. This geopolitical separation begs a question whose answer may assist the present-day populace in improving its future economic condition: to what extent did the events of 1949 to 1969 result in an economic dichotomy between Taiwan and Mainland China that favored one economy over the other?
From 1949 forward, the CPC on the Mainland and the KMT in Taiwan commenced the rebuilding and restructuring of their respective economies, with their own respective strategies, that progressed into the mid-twentieth century. Though their opposing political ideologies would suggest otherwise, these strategies were initially not all that different; they were both focused on agricultural, industrial, and land reform on a reconstruction footing. The continuation of economic developmen...


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