Main Themes in To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee Essay

Main Themes in To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee Essay

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In every story, there are themes that point out the meaning of the story so it does not leave the reader hanging. So what is a theme? A theme is a fundamental and often universal idea explored in a literary work. In the book, To Kill a Mockingbird, there are three main themes, which commonly appear throughout the story. These themes will help tie any lose ends in the story, and help readers to understand the meaning of this story.
The first theme is the coexistence of good and evil throughout the story. The way the book shows the moral nature of people, essentially their good and bad sides. The book further promotes this theme by using the transformation of Scout and Jem view of childhood innocence, in which they believe that everybody is good, because they have never been exposed to evil, to a more adult view, in which they have been exposed to many types of evil and have to apply it to their thinking. An important subtheme of this book involves the danger that, hatred, prejudice, and ignorance pose to many innocent people. The people in the book affected by this are Boo Radley and Tom Robinson. These two are unprepared for the evil they were exposed and as a result they were mentally destroyed. Jem is also experiences the same affect when he discovers the evil of racism, in which his faith in justice and humanity is lost. However, Scout retains her faith in justice and humanity, because the case had no effect on her. In this book, the voice of morality is Atticus Finch, who already experiences and understands evil, but does not lose faith in humanity’s capacity to be good. He understands that everybody basically has both good and bad qualities, but it is more important to appreciate the good ones. The view of the world is the ...

... middle of paper ... somewhat more successful than most of the white people of Maycomb. The strict social divisions the book reveals show how the adult world is irrational and dangerous, such as when Scout has trouble understanding why Aunt Alexandra does not let her talk to young Walter Cunningham. The corruptness of Maycomb’s social ladder shows how hard the Great Depression has hit the town and how it has affected the residents greatly.

A theme is a fundamental and often universal idea explored in a literary work. In the book, To Kill a Mockingbird, there are three main themes: the side-by-side existence of good and evil, the importance of moral education, and the presence of social inequality. These themes help the story be what it is and help to create a proper setting, plot, conflict, and characters. The themes in the book have good meaning and make the book what it is.

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