The rationalist model is a serious attempt by political scientists to apply a much more logical and mathematical approach to comparative politics than other models can offer. The ultimate goal with a rationalist model is to find laws that can be universally applied to identifiable situations, with a predictable outcome. In order to achieve this lofty goal, concise mathematical formulas are made to represent issues. A fundamental assumption in these formulas is the rational individual who acts to maximize their interests. It is hoped that analyzing the aggregate behavior of these individuals will yield the laws and predictions expected by those utilizing this model.
The rationalist school of modeling has a common ancestry with economics. Adam Smith, the prominent economic theorist and advocate of the free market is c...
... middle of paper ...
... likely be assumed to maximize the desire with the most overall value. However, it can be seen in many cases that short-term, often trivial desires can trump longer-term, more meaningful ones. This behavior would be deemed irrational, but it nevertheless occurs and therefore degrades the predictions based on a rationalist model.
Despite these problems, I believe this model can be a quite useful way of analyzing behavior. It is easy to identify with the fundamental units, since we are all individuals and we like to believe we are ourselves “rational” (usually). From this starting point it is natural to extend and treat in aggregate, so it can be used as compelling evidence when forming public policy decisions. If there is to be any scientific component in the field of political science, it is surely going to require at least partial adoption of the rationalist model.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- A belief shared by most people, the voice of the people. The opinion of the public is the popular view. Opinions bring public beliefs to the attention of decision/policy makers. Public opinion is that opinion which government must heed to. Public opinion is reflected by public policy through five models according to Norman Luttbeg. The Rational-Activist Model in which voters use elections as a policy expression. Individual citizens are expected to be informed politically, involved, rational, and above all, active (pg 19).... [tags: politics]
661 words (1.9 pages)
- “Those who only know one country know no country.” – Seymour Martin Lipset. The scholar Guy Swanson once said, “Thinking without comparison is unthinkable. And, in the absence of comparison, so is all scientific thought and scientific research.” (cited in Ragin, 1992). As such, comparison is necessary for the development of political science. The ‘art of comparing’ can be seen as what experimentation is to most sciences – the principal and most effective way to test theory. (Peters, 1998) This essay seeks to describe the different aspects of the ‘art of comparing’ and also to detail the reasons why the comparative method is a necessary tool in the belt of any political scientist.... [tags: democracy, government]
1396 words (4 pages)
- Comparative politics is an important aspect of political science in that instead of studying how this country functions, it studies why other countries around the world are the way they are. There must be some medium for finding the differences and similarities between one county and another. Another very important reason to study comparative politics is to better understand how certain regimes work. While studying comparative politics there one is regime that stands out to me. The rise of China as one of today’s economic powers is facsating.... [tags: economic systems, china, communism]
572 words (1.6 pages)
- The Distributive and Knowledge-driven Models of Politics American politics, for better or worse, is prone to elitist control of various issues, some of which affect the general public in significant ways. This system is described by the distributive model of politics, where people representing narrow segments of society with high stakes in a particular issue influence public policy to a substantial degree. This explanation of policy making can be effectively used to examine and explain some political actions.... [tags: Essays on Politics]
2848 words (8.1 pages)
- POL 190: Introduction to Comparative Politics – Midterm Exams Part A Democratization/Transition to democracy Democratization is a systemic changeover to a democratic or self governing political regime. It also involves transition from a dictatorial administrative system to a complete democracy. It opposes the values instigated by an authoritarian political regime. For instance, it is notable that the Egypt’s 2013 July military expulsion of President Mohamed Morsi absolutely manifested the country’s crash in its attempts to realize a democratic transition (Brown 45).... [tags: Government, Sovereign state, Democracy]
1562 words (4.5 pages)
- Comparative Politics of the French and Mexican Governments The political systems of today’s world vary tremendously as you span the world. Each of these systems has gone through an evolution based on mistakes of the past and the needs of a stable and equal government. Most nations throughout the world observe political means through either Unitary or Federal legislation. The Federal government of Mexico and the unitary government of France are perfect examples of the differences and similarities of unicameral and bicameral legislature.... [tags: Papers]
1479 words (4.2 pages)
- Throughout Politics, Aristotle goes into detail about monarchies, aristocracies, and polities, as the ideal forms of government. Polity as defined by Aristotle is the virtuous form of a constitutional democracy (Aristotle viewed democracy without constitutional law as a poor form of government). It is essential to a state in which polity is the system of rule that there is a constitution in place to prevent the excesses of majority rule. Although Aristotle perhaps believed polity to be the most realistic form of a virtuous government, he did not view is as the most ideal.... [tags: Politics, Aristotle 2014]
1550 words (4.4 pages)
- The Importance of Studying Comparative Politics Comparative politics is an important aspect of political science in that instead of studying how this country functions, it studies why other countries around the world are the way they are. There must be some medium for finding the differences and similarities between one county and another in order discover what can effect such aspects as economic strength, military strength, and the structure of the regime in power. One reason to compare countries is to help ourselves by allowing us to learn about other countries while escaping the ethnocentric fallacy many of us have.... [tags: Political Science]
897 words (2.6 pages)
- Analysis of India in Comparative Politics Perhaps the most important issue to be addressed after the publication of this book is the dangerous climate that has risen in India. The debates over Kashmir, a small piece of territory both India and neighboring country Pakistan have been claiming since the 1940s, has heated up. The situation has grown to a point where the two nuclear powers have come the closest they have ever been to war, while the world holds its breath. When Great Britain gave India its independence in 1947, the subcontinent was split into Pakistan and India.... [tags: Compare Contrast History Essays]
2278 words (6.5 pages)
- Comparative analysis of the rise of religious extremism in Arab and Indian Politics The cases being discussed by the authors here are more significant than the discussion of any other Muslim or Hindu nation because of the fact that these cases discuss the role of these religions in their respective birthplaces. We can realize the importance of this point by considering, for example that the Islamic countries worldwide look towards the Arabic ulemas for validation of their Islamic policies and also each fatwa issued by the Arab ulemas is almost always followed by a similar action by their counterparts in other countries.... [tags: Plolitical Science Politics Essays]
873 words (2.5 pages)