To begins with the oldest method, official statistics of crime collected by the police in the UK since 1857. The police records crime reported by the public in 43 police force areas and provides these data to the Home Office and for their Basic Command Units. These data provide a wealth of statistical information on recorded crime rates and possibly identify long-term trends in recorded crime rates. Due to such data collecting process, how crime being reported by the victims or witnesses and recorded...
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...has its drawbacks. First of all, the OCJS only focus young people and fails to interview adults about their committed offences. Next, since the OCJS is a self-reported survey, interviewees are not necessary to report the truth about their participation in crimes. For example, they may amplify or pretend they have committed some crimes in the OCJS secretly and there may not have any consequences with that. On the other hand, they may not reveal offences they have really involved as it is not compulsory and probably because of social desirability effect. It means that respondents may hide their true experiences of involving in some crimes, such as taking drugs and drunk drives, as it is uncomfortable to report. Thus bias may appear in the OCJS when estimating the number of such illegal activities because of social desirability concern. (Tourangeau and Smith, 1996).
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