One of the main causes of World War I, was the rise of nationalism between countries and alliances. The word nationalism means to celebrate one’s own nation and to place its interest above all other nations and countries and is in a way an intense form of patriotism. The rise of nationalism led to the first and the second Balkan War (1912, 1913). The aftermath was Serbia’s increase in size, as it had gained territory. Due to their other victory, their nationalism increased as well, and as a result, they began pushing for a union between all Slavic people. This Serbian nationalism would later lead nineteen-year-old Gavrilo Princips to assassinate Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie. There were two types of nationalism. The first form of nationalism, as shown in the Balkan people’s struggle for independence, was a colony’s struggle for independence from its mother country. The second form of nationalism, as shown in how the great powers of Europe often tried to dominate each other, was a nation’s desire to obtain dominance and prestige. Thus World War I, was the result of nations’ oppression towards each other supported by nationalism.
A second cause of World War I is the building up of the military and allian...
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...ght million people, making it one of the bloodiest wars in history.
There were many reasons for the outbreak of World War I. The four main causes were the rise of nationalism, the building up of military and alliances, imperialism, and the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Imperialism, as it was the conquest on the part of nations, was aided by the building up of a strong military and alliance and often led to nationalist groups in the conquered colonies. One of these nationalist groups, the Black Hand, was responsible for the assassination of the archduke which would become the spark to ignite World War I. Soon after the assassination, war was declared and within a month Germany, Britain, France, and Russia were all involved. By the end of the war, over eight million people were dead, and World War I became known as one of the bloodiest wars in history.
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