Mahatma Gandhi and Mao Tse-Tung Essay

Mahatma Gandhi and Mao Tse-Tung Essay

Length: 1436 words (4.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The early 1900s arose a series of revolutions in the southern and eastern Asian countries of India and China, that ultimately led to a significant change in governmental systems and ideas that are still valued today. Tensions between the British government and Indians caused much anger and devastation to Indian societies, such as the Amritsar Massacre which exposed the true nature of Britain’s power over India. Indians all throughout the country were infuriated by the authority Britain had gained over the years. China dealt with problems of its own: foreign imperialism, warlord uprisings and a great disorder in the government and society itself.(The Modern World, 405) The revolutions in these two countries was brought about by two important characters of the revolution: Mohandas Gandhi and Mao Tse-Tung. Even though the two wanted change in their countries, they went about it in completely different ways. Mao sought after the use of violence to obtain political power, whereas Gandhi addressed the power love through nonviolent protests. While Mao and Gandhi both believed in, and practiced a form of civil disobedience, their views differed when it came to their use of violence and how society should be structured.
Gandhi and Mao both believed in civil disobedience, though they did not interpret disobedience in the same manner. Thoreau’s ideas about civil disobedience influenced Gandhi to refuse to obey laws created by the colonialists of India that seemed unjust for Indians. He influenced Indians to boycott on British goods, refusing to buy things the British sold, mainly cotton textiles, and encouraged Indians to make their own products, like they did before the British arrived. During the time, there were many laws made...


... middle of paper ...


...y of life. Unlike any ordinary leaders of a revolution, Mao and Gandhi knew just how to take on what their countries really needed. Whether it was freedom from colonialism, or oppression from higher classes, they knew what their people needed. Gandhi knew his people had rights the British outlawed, and peacefully fought hard to retrieve them. He also believed that the Indians shouldn’t forget their traditions and culture, no matter how much the Western World pushed to change them. Mao believed the working class should have equal if not, more power than any other class in China. In fact, he believed there should not even be any classes at all. Everyone wants equality, whether in China or in India. Mao and Gandhi were able to give their country equality, freedom, and a philosophy that would influence their countries’ political and moral decisions for decades to come.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Analysis Of Mao Tse Tung And The War Of Economic And Military Power Essay

- Over the course of history, the strength of China has risen and fallen. At its heights, China stood at the pinnacle of economic and military power; however, by the time of the Second Sino-Japanese war, the nation had significantly declined. At the time, China 's political structure was destabilized by the continued civil war between its Nationalists and Communists. Seeing this political weakness, Japan—the new Asian power—aimed to conquer China. With the invasion of Japanese forces, a wave of oppression and terror spread throughout the country....   [tags: Vietnam War, Guerrilla warfare, War]

Better Essays
1179 words (3.4 pages)

Essay on Mao Tse-Tung

- Mao Tse-Tung Mao Tse-Tung was a revolutionary person in his era; his ideas and actions have changed the lives of billions of Chinese people. Mao's motifs were made to make the people of the People Republic of China live a life free from poverty and live in a more pleasant place. Mao used many methods to make this possible but some of them were cruel and inhumane, the consequences of his actions marked the Chinese for many generations and will continue. Mao was born December 26, 1893, into a peasant family in the village of Shaoshan, Hunan province....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
755 words (2.2 pages)

Essay The Great Leap Forward

- The Great Leap Forward (1958-1960), was an economic and social plan initiated by Chinese Communist leader Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-tung), with the intent of radically increasing agricultural and industrial production in the People's Republic of China, and of bringing China to the brink of a utopian communist society. The Great Leap Forward was a reaction to the Hundred Flowers Campaign, a more moderate development program in China in 1957. In this earlier program, Mao Zedong tried to win the support of Chinese intellectuals by calling for their constructive criticism of the policies of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP)....   [tags: Mao Zedong Mao Tse-tung]

Better Essays
618 words (1.8 pages)

Mao Zedong and Mohandas Gandhi Essay

- Mohandas Gandhi and Mao Zedong were two great leaders who succeeded in many ways by their actions and decisions. Gandhi was an Indian leader and Mao a Chinese leader. However, their approach to success, peace, and ultimately, a revolution, was very different. Mao favored peace through violence, and Gandhi favored peace through non-cooperation and standing up for what is right. He also believed that these changes will be accomplished by “conscious suffering”, was the way he put it. However, despite their differences, these two leaders were similar too....   [tags: Compare Contrast, Comparison]

Better Essays
1702 words (4.9 pages)

The Zedong Of Mao 's Death Essay

- The CCP and Mao knew they had to destroy the cult image because it had gotten far out of control, but they were unable to without tarnishing Mao 's image. The loyalty attacks were against what Mao advocated in his works (Mao, 1976, p. 264) and the sense of unity the Party tried to foster. At the Ninth Congress the CCP issued a declaration to curb the cult through measures like the reduction of printing Chairman Mao 's image, the discontinuation of badge distribution, and the end to formalistic activities like "asking for instruction in the morning" and salutes to pictures of Mao (Leese, 2011 pg....   [tags: Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Cultural Revolution]

Better Essays
1268 words (3.6 pages)

Mahatma Gandhi and Mao Essay

- Gandhi and Mao Comparison Honors Essay Everyone shares different views on a variety of things. Let’s take Mohandas Gandhi and Mao Zedong, two revolutionaries who were prominent in the twentieth century. Their ideas spread through India and China respectively. The occurrences of certain events in their homelands led to their emersion as important leaders and figures of their country’s history. On April 13, 1919, a somewhat large group was peacefully voicing their disagreement with the British Rule that was taking over India....   [tags: Comparative, Revolutionaries]

Better Essays
1464 words (4.2 pages)

Mao & Gandhi: Western Thought in an Eastern World Essay

- For thousands of years, Asia led the world in technology and thought. Millions throughout those years followed the teachings of the Vedic religion, Buddhist thought, or Confucian philosophy. These societies solidified their power in the early centuries of anno domini and even boasted of self sufficient power as late as the fifteenth century. To the West however, grew nations with a different heritage of thought that soon infiltrated the Eastern world. Though their influence seemed minor in such a developed world, by the twentieth century political relations and western philosophy became a part of Asia’s reality....   [tags: technology, asia, qing china]

Better Essays
1634 words (4.7 pages)

Mahatma Gandhi vs. Mao Essay

- Gandhi vs. Mao Mao and Gandhi became key leaders in each of their countries, India and China. Although they both wanted very similar things to happen to their countries, they used very different tactics. The main points in their rules where economical, political and social. And all points affected their people in many ways. First, to make each of their countries stronger economically Ghandi and Mao changed laws and broke rules. During the British rule in India there was a salt tax, which made it very hard for the people of china to buy salt, but it was illegal for them to make their own salt....   [tags: Compare Contrast, Comparison]

Better Essays
1570 words (4.5 pages)

Mao, The Great Leap Forward Essay

- Mao---the one whose mistakes, shot contributions down After the validation of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, Mao Zedong as the Chairman of PRC and the Communist Party held most political power in China. By using his tremendous influence in China, Mao conducted a series of nationwide movements in order to rapidly reform China’s politics, economy and culture. However, instead of leading China to a more hopeful future, Mao pushed China into a period of darkness. Many historical evidences showed that Mao had brought more pain than happiness to Chinese people....   [tags: Mao Zedong, Cultural Revolution]

Better Essays
1138 words (3.3 pages)

Mao Zedong Essay

- Mao Zedong or Mao Tse-tung Pronounced As: mou dzu-doong , 1893-1976, founder of the People's Republic of China. One of the most prominent Communist theoreticians, Mao's ideas on revolutionary struggle and guerrilla warfare were extremely influential, especially among Third World revolutionaries. Of Hunanese peasant stock, Mao was trained in Chinese classics and later received a modern education. As a young man he observed oppressive social conditions, becoming one of the original members of the Chinese Communist party....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
2044 words (5.8 pages)