Born on May 19, 1925, in Omaha, Nebraska, Malcolm X was a prominent black nationalist leader who served as a spokesman for the Nation of Islam during the 1950s and '60s. After quitting school at the age of 15, Malcolm moved to Boston to live with his half-sister Ella. Ella landed Malcolm a job shining shoes at the Roseland Ballroom. However, he became familiar with the city 's criminal underground selling drugs. He got another job as kitchen help on the Yankee Clipper train between New York and Boston and fell further into a life of drugs and crime which came to a halt in 1946, when he was arrested on charges of larceny and sentenced to ten years in jail.
During his time behind bars, Malcolm began to study from under his fellow inmate Bimbi, and was introduced to the teachings of the Nation of Islam and its leader, Elijah Muhammad. Upon his release in 1952, Malcolm moved to Detroit and joined the Nation of Islam, adopting the name "Malcolm X" in acceptance that his ancestors ' original African name was no longer known. Malcolm X became the minister of Temple No. 7 in Harlem and Temple No. 11 in Boston, while also founding new temples in Hartford and Philadelphia. In 1960, he established a national newspaper, Muhammad Speaks, to further the message of the Nation of Islam.
In his Message to Grassroots speech, Malcolm X advised blacks to cast off t...
... middle of paper ...
...st vehicle arrived at the speech venue, a bomb was thrown at the car Gandhi’s, which exploded and injured several people. No investigations were carried out at the time, and no arrests were made, although many blame the attack to Nathuram Godse, a Hindu fundamentalist who’s greatly opposed to Gandhi’s non-violent acceptance and tolerance of all religions, which he felt compromised the supremacy of the Hindu religion. Godse was the person responsible for the assassination of Gandhi in January 1948, 14 years later.
On January 30th, 1948, while Gandhi was on his way to a prayer meeting at Birla House in Delhi, Nathuram Godse managed to get close enough to him in the crowd to be able to shoot him three times in the chest, at point-blank range. When news of Gandhi’s death spread, the world was horrified by the death of a man nominated five times for the Nobel Peace Prize.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... Hinduism expresses that all religions are genuine pathways back to the Supreme Creator; Muslims generally have contempt for other faiths and believe that only those of their religion are allowed into heaven, and only certain ones whom are chosen by Allah. The belief that all life is sacred and the practice of ahisma, or non-injury, is a big part of Hinduism. Muslims are quite opposite with their belief of the jihad, or the Holy War, and the fact that they are willing to hurt others or themselves in order to make it into their heaven.... [tags: notorious popular and influential leaders]
572 words (1.6 pages)
- MOHANDAS KARAMCHAND GANDHI was born on October 2, 1869, at Porbandar, a small town on the western coast of India, which was then one of the many tiny states in Kathiawar. He was born in middle class family of Vaishya caste. His grandfather had risen to be the Dewan or Prime Minister of Porbandar and was succeeded by his son Karamchand who was the father of Mohandas. Putlibai, Mohandas's mother, was a saintly character, gentle and devout, and left a deep impress on her son's mind. Mohandas went to an elementary school in Porbandar, where he found it difficult to master the multiplication tables.... [tags: Biography, Mahatma Gandhi Essays]
506 words (1.4 pages)
- A Different Kind of Leader There are many prominent Civil Rights leaders that stand out from the past. All of which had their own unique way of fighting for what they believed in. Two of those past leaders are Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X. They both fought for Black Rights and were both very good at what they did. Even though they both fought for Civil Rights, they used different approaches to fight for what they believed in because of their different upbringings and how that influenced them as they became adults and later as leaders in the fight for Civil Rights.... [tags: civil rights movement, activism]
827 words (2.4 pages)
- Gandhi, Satyagraha, and the Western Mind There is much that can be said about such a great leader like Gandhi. He had many skills that were needed to make a difference in the world. Perhaps the most important quality that he possessed was the attributes of knowledge and common sense. These attributes made him a very levelheaded man who knew how to treat his opponent with respect while stating the issue at hand. Gandhi achieved many accomplishments throughout his life. Overall, the most significant was that one man could make a difference within his own country that received worldwide recognition.... [tags: Papers]
952 words (2.7 pages)
- As a child, when I first heard of and questioned who Malcolm X was, I was consistently answered that Malcolm X was a person that completely despised all white people and wished to reverse the black and white roles in American Society and place the African American community at the top of the social order, or, even better, completely eradicate all white Americans. However, the reality of the situation is very different. Malcolm X once said, "I am not a racist. I am against every form of racism and segregation, every form of discrimination.... [tags: Discrimination, Violence, Assassination]
828 words (2.4 pages)
- The Civil Rights Movement symbolized the challenge and opposition to the racial injustices and segregation that had been engrained in American society for hundreds of years. Events that took place in the 1950s and 1960s, such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott, the March on Washington, sit-ins, speeches and numerous protests define this momentous time in United States history. Speeches during this period served as a means to inspire and assemble a specific group of people, for Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.... [tags: Civil Rights Movement]
1713 words (4.9 pages)
- In looking at how the actions of two of the Blount curriculum’s selected writers influenced historical change, progress, and thought I chose to focus on their respective views of race and race relations, in particular the Civil Rights Movement. I chose to write on the two diametrically opposed civil rights activists Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X. In the 1960’s the African American community became increasingly active in the struggle for civil rights. Although the concept race is an arbitrary societal construct based on the color of an individual’s skin and his or her geographic origin, it has had a profound impact not only on the founding and formation of our country but also the... [tags: Civil Rights Movement]
1816 words (5.2 pages)
- Throughout the Civil Rights Movement, many leaders emerged that captured the attention of the American public. During this period, the leaders' used different tactics in order to achieve change. Of two of the better-known leaders, Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr., the latter had a more positive influence in the progress of the movement. Each of these two leaders had different views on how to go about gaining freedom. While King believed a peaceful means would allow the blacks to achieve equality with the white Americans, Malcolm X took a more pessimistic approach.... [tags: Compare Contrast Essays]
1210 words (3.5 pages)
- Mahatma Gandhi Mohandas Gandhi, known as Mahatma Gandhi. Also known as Mahatma the great soul, was the "father of modern India". He originally came from Western India, a city called Porbandar. He was born on 2nd October 1869. Gandhi was on of the youngest of the three sons of Karamchand Gandhi, who was a Prime Minister successively in Porbandar, Rajkot and Vankaner States. Gandhi's mother was Putlibai, Karamchand Gandhi's fourth wife. In 1876 he attended a primary school in Rajkot until the twelfth year.... [tags: Mohandas Gandhi Essays]
997 words (2.8 pages)
- Mohandas Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born in Gujarat, India on October 2, 1869, and got taught law at University College, London. In 1891, Gandhi returned to India and attempted to establish a practice in Bombay, with almost no success. Two years later, an Indian firm with interests in South Africa kept him as legal adviser in the office. After arriving there, Gandhi found himself treated as a member of an inferior race. He was shocked at the general rejection of civil liberties and political rights to Indians to South Africa.... [tags: Mohandas Gandhi Essays]
1076 words (3.1 pages)