Mahandas Gandhi was born on October 2, 1896 in Porbandar, India. The Gandhis were middle-class, cultured, and deeply religious Hindus. When Gandhi was thirteen, he was married to his wife, Kasturbai. They had four children. Ghandi went to study law in London after high school. Then he went to South Africa, where he spent twenty years opposing discriminatory legislation which against Indians. When Gandhi returned to India in 1914, he supported the Home Rule movement and became the leader of Indian Nation Congress. He advocated a policy of non-violent non-cooperation to achieve independence. He was jailed for conspiracy because his civil disobedienceis, which is the active refusal to obey certain laws, demands and commands of a government, or of an occupying international power. It is one of the primary methods of nonviolent resistance. In 1930, he led a march to the sea to collect salt in symbolic defiance of the government monopoly. After India became independent, he tried to stop the Hindu-Muslim conflict, but this led him to his assassination by a Hindu fanatic. Gandhi died on January 30, 1948 as the result.
In the 19th century to early 20th century, Great Britain was the global power, the largest empire during the time. Great Britain was controlling India during 1858~1947, this time period is called “British Raj”. British bled Indian by collecting high taxes and had discrimination in society. Gandhi wan...
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...hich committed itself to gain complete independence lead to mutinies and widespread communal rioting in Calcutta, India. Finally India was set free from the British Rule in the midnight of August 15, 1947.
Gandhi is the Father of Nation in India. He’s birthday, October 2, is the national holiday of India. Gandhi’s non-violent protest to achieve political and social progress has been influential, the idea had profound influence on Martin Luther King and Nelson Mandela. Albert Einstein on Gandhi, “I believe that Gandhi's views were the most enlightened of all the political men in our time. We should strive to do things in his spirit: not to use violence in fighting for our cause, but by non-participation in anything you believe is evil.” Gandhi has huge contributions on nonviolent movement, although he never awarded the Nobel Peace Prize because he was not alive.
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