In this paper, the overview of machine translation (MT) is presented. The original idea of MT has been investigated since 1950s by many research groups and at present many MT systems have been created and developed around the world. Three approaches of MT systems: direct translation, transfer and interlingual approaches are common systems. The main idea of direct translation approach is word-by-word replacement before the transformation of the structure from source language (SL) to target language (TL). The translation is finished in only one step. The transfer approach transforms the SL to the TL through several stages with different kind of temporarily structural language. Finally, the interlingual approach stands on the idea of transform the SL to the TL through a neutral language or interlingual language (IL).
Language is a tool for communication about the world. Two categories of language are programming language (PL) and natural language (NL). Programming language is a tool for communication between human and computer, whereas natural language is a tool for communication among people. In this paper, we will focus on natural language.
Different nations (or regions) use different languages as a way to communicate to each other. Communication between two people who know two different languages needs an interpreter who understands both languages. Even though most people have an ability to study and understand several languages, it takes time to do so, and so far, nobody is able to understand all the languages in this world. Therefore, the idea of translating languages by a machine, so-called machine translation (MT), was promised in mid-20 century and defined as follows:
... middle of paper ...
... represents only the overview of MT systems and survey of MT researches. In the next paper, the details of process in MT system will be presented.
 W.J. Hutchins, Machine Translation: past, present and future, Ellis Horwood Limited, 1986.
 Bonnie Dorr, Lecture note on CMSC 723: Natural Language Processing, University of Maryland, College Park, Spring 1996.
 W. J. Hutchins and H. L. Somers, An Introduction to Machine Translation, Academic Press.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Introduction The field of Computational Linguistics is relatively new; however, it contains several sub-areas reflecting practical applications in the field. Machine (or Automatic) Translation (MT) is one of the main components of Computational Linguistics (CL). It can be considered as an independent subject because people who work in this domain are not necessarily experts in the other domains of CL. However, what connects them is the fact that all of these subjects use computers as a tool to deal with human language.... [tags: Computer Science ]
2743 words (7.8 pages)
- Is the relationship between the translator and translation technology collaboration or competition. The relationship between translation and technology is a key question regarding the influence of translation in this profession. Now new technologies such as translation memories, collaborative translation management systems and data-based machine translation are influencing the very nature of the translation profession. Roman Jakobson (1960) saw the poetic function of language, which I believe can still remain and co-exist with technology.... [tags: machine translation, online dictionaries]
3003 words (8.6 pages)
- 10. How to Save on Translating for the Foreign Buyers How to save on translation of your marketing material and do not sacrifice the quality of the translated texts at the same time of course. We have talked about choosing a translation vendor in general and a translator in particular, and have come to the conclusion that it would be not wise to choose just the cheapest language provider. The cost is important, but the quality is the first priority. Look at your marketing texts and try to cut off some parts that might be not of any interest for your foreign buyers.... [tags: Translation, Source text, Machine translation]
1061 words (3 pages)
- Machine Translation Abstract In this paper, the overview of machine translation (MT) is presented. The original idea of MT has been investigated since 1950s by many research groups and at present many MT systems have been created and developed around the world. Three approaches of MT systems: direct translation, transfer and interlingual approaches are common systems. The main idea of direct translation approach is word-by-word replacement before the transformation of the structure from source language (SL) to target language (TL).... [tags: Computer Programs Programming Natural Language]
2224 words (6.4 pages)
- Chapter 49. Translating marketing material and local communication help for buyers How to save on translation of your marketing material and do not sacrifice the quality of the translated texts at the same time of course. We have talked in Part 1 about choosing a translation vendor in general and a translator in particular, and have come to the conclusion that it would be not wise to choose just the cheapest language provider. The cost is important, but the quality is the first priority. Look at your marketing texts and try to cut off some parts that might be not of any interest for your foreign buyers.... [tags: Translation, Source text, Machine translation]
1065 words (3 pages)
- When you have a multilingual website, you can reach a broader audience because you have stretched your marketing message to more than one niche. Some examples of a multilingual website might include a Canadian business having English and French versions of their site. Sometimes a Latin American country might offer both Spanish and Portuguese for their website. Multilingual websites are often very practical business moves. If you have a multi-regional website that targets people from different countries, you can use a different version to reach that audience.... [tags: Translation, Language, Machine translation]
1305 words (3.7 pages)
- A Love Poem’s Translation Mario Benedetti was a Uruguayan novelist, journalist and poet. He was born in 1920 and was considered one of Latin America’s most prominent writers. His poem “Hagamos un Trato” is a very relatable poem that illustrates a love and bond between two individuals. This assignment gave me a new outlook on the importance of translation and how innovative it can be. I chose a Spanish poem because I have a basic understanding of the Spanish language and grammar through a couple of years of foreign class.... [tags: Poetry, Translation, Stanza, Machine translation]
1258 words (3.6 pages)
- 3.1. Japanese politeness Before observing some results of experiments with MT between Japanese and English, it must be mentioned that Japanese has its characteristic that strongly distinguishes it from other languages, the Japanese honorifics or politeness system. Every time, when Japanese people speak or write Japanese, they have to determine which style they should apply, a “polite style” or a “flat style”, to their utterance or writing. Of course, this decision is made unconsciously and then with no time lag according to a situation they are in.... [tags: Translation, Source text, Machine translation]
1582 words (4.5 pages)
- Machine Translation is the process of translating one natural language into another using automated and computerized means.Based on the mode and direction of translation there are so many translation systems available now.Even though no such translation system can give highly efficient result. The proposed system is a rule based multilingual unidirectional translation system which translate English sentences into corresponding Malayalam and Hindi sentences.During translation it incorporates morphological and syntactic information present in the working pair of languages.And it also performs some word sense disambiguation,semantic analysis and morphological processing on the generated targe... [tags: Language, Linguistics]
2217 words (6.3 pages)
- Ribosomes are found within the rough endoplasmic reticulum, they are known as a protein manufacturing machine, as this is where translation occurs. Structurally, they are large complexes comprised of two subunits, protein and Ribsomal RNA. They provide all the components on its surface by which proteins can be manufactured. The larger subunit is where the transfer tRNA is located. The tRNA is a form of RNA, which is thought of as the connection between the amino acid sequence of proteins and the nucleoside sequence.... [tags: Amino acid, Protein, RNA, Genetic code]
1764 words (5 pages)