Within “twenty love poems and a song of despair” written by poet Pablo Neruda, nature seems to be used as a device to put across the meaning of the poems to the audience through conventions such as metaphors, personification, pathetic fallacy and man y others that will be discussed below. The use of nature as a big theme throughout the poems can be linked back to Neruda’s life. It is widely known that Neruda travelled to many countries for various reasons and whilst there, he enjoyed visiting many of the locations that were nature based including the sea, the mountains and the fields. References to these as devices can be seen throughout the poems.
A poem that includes very heavy natural imagery is “A song of Despair”. Within this poem, Neruda seems to use nature as a mechanism to convey his anguish and misery. This poem includes natural imagery from the beginning. This can be seen in the quote “The river mingles its stubborn lament with the sea” (line 2). The river and the sea can be seen being personified in this line therefore allowing the readers to sympathise with the in-animate objects. The use of “mingles” in this line describes the way the sea and the river interact in real life but as mingles has connotations of human activity, it further emphasises the effect of the personification therefore allowing the readers to further sympathise with the river and the sea. This interaction of the natural imagery of the river and sea seems to be used as a device to potentially demonstrate how they were with each other whilst in the relationship with the quote “stubborn lament” showing how the narrator kept on complaining and arg...
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...s line has a lot of natural imagery towards the biology of humans, especially males, within the morning. The use of “full of storm” portrays the strong need for sexual fulfilment and lust and this lust is seen as a very passionate act by using “heart of summer”. The use of the word “heart” emphasises this passion as the heart is considered the most important organ and so demonstrates how his passion (the “summer” in the sentence) is alive.
Within these three poems, the use of nature as a mechanism impacted the poems allowing them to convey meanings in an ambiguous sense yet still get across the general meaning of the poem. This ambiguity allowed of the poems through the use of nature allowed for them to be interpreted in various ways and so caused the poems to be more meaningful and personal to each reader which could explain the popularity of Pablo Neruda’s Poems.
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