The Louisiana Purchase Of 1803 Essay

The Louisiana Purchase Of 1803 Essay

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The Louisiana Purchase of 1803 was a large expansion to the United States. With the country nearly doubled in size, the Louisiana Purchase brought up many debates on constitutionality, questions of what was in the new land, as well as questions about the existence of slavery within the newly acquired land. The look of the United States changed forever with this large amount of land, both geographically and politically.
The Louisiana Territory was originally claimed for France by the explorer Rene- Robert Cavelier La Salle in 1682 (Nelson). French King Louis XV gave the territory to his cousin Charles III of Spain in 1762 after the defeat of the French in the French and Indian War. This transition was to ensure that the British would not acquire Louisiana. The United States and Spain had an agreement known as the Pickney Treaty in 1795. Spain still had control of Florida, but the treaty was an agreement to deal with internal affairs. The Pickney Treaty also established the 31st parallel and St. Marys River as the northern boundary of Florida. Spain gave the United States the right to navigate the Mississippi river, and opened up the port of New Orleans, which allowed commerce to flourish. In 1800 Charles IV of Spain and Napoleon Bonaparte of France created a treaty in secret which gives the Louisiana Territory back to France from Spain. Spanish authorities suspended the right of deposit to American shippers on the Mississippi River, which caused a threat to the economic development of the western United States. Napoleon Bonaparte was looking to expand his empire, and looked at St. Dominique in the Caribbean and the Louisiana Territory. The likelihood of expanding into the Caribbean seemed to disappear after Napoleon’s army w...


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...avery rose later on after the newly acquired Louisiana Territory was explored. The Compromise of 1820, also known as the Missouri Compromise, brought Missouri and Maine into the Union (“RACE - History - Expansion of Slavery in the U.S.”). This allowed the United States to have eleven free states and eleven slave states. The Missouri Compromise also established the 36°30’ line. Anything north of the 36°30’ line would have absolutely no slavery, anything south of the line would be allowed to stay as slave states.
The Louisiana Purchase changed American history forever. The United States gained a multitude of states. During the acquisition, the Jefferson administration faced the questions of what exists, is it constitutional, and even the question of slavery. All in all, without this large mass of land, a majority of the land purchased would be owned by another nation.

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