Louis Xiv 's Absolute Monarchy Essay

Louis Xiv 's Absolute Monarchy Essay

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“Some consider it a new thing, they hope to be able to stop it; whereas others judge it irresistible because to them it seems the most continuous, the oldest, and the most permanent fact known in history” (Democracy in America 3). Here Tocqueville likens democracy to a relentless, continuously expanding force where “all events, like all men, serve its development.” (Democracy in America 6). It is a system of government that is upheld with a purpose as it is “a sign of [God 's] will” (Democracy in America 6). Yet, the concept of God is not only presented in a democracy, but is also applicable Louis XIV 's absolute monarchy. Louis XIV 's derives much of his power from divine rule. He primarily uses divine rule to maintain his position as an absolute monarch. Therefore, even though Louis XIV does maintain a somewhat inexorable authority, Tocqueville 's depiction of democracy is one that presents a more universal and inexorable force because it establishes a strong connection between religion and equality.
An idea that must be considered is Tocqueville 's reasons for how democracy has become such a relentless force. One of Tocqueville 's main arguments is how democracy expands its influence over time. This is portrayed through Tocqueville 's depiction of suffrage. He mentions “when a people begins to touch the electoral qualification… the forces of democracy increase and its demands grow with new power… and there is no stopping until [people] have arrived at universal suffrage” (Democracy in America 55). Obtaining universal suffrage is a slow and gradual process, but with each step, the right to vote is given to more people. In this instance, power is not in the hands of a small minority, or single leader, but it is placed in t...


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...eventually become a democracy as it the transition between an aristocracy and democracy. It further goes to show how democracy is a universal force that is inexorable. Yet, despite a force that is so powerful, Tocqueville still concedes that “the old colors of aristocracy [can] show through.” (Democracy In America 45). In essence, even though democracy may be a constant universal force that has driven many societies toward it, there will always be ways in which democracy can be withheld and that is through religion. As Tocqueville states “whenever any religion has cast deep roots within a democracy, guard against shaking it; but rather preserve it carefully as the most precious inheritance from aristocratic centuries” (Democracy In America 519). Essentially, religion can serve as a time capsule to resist the relentless power of democracy that is social change.




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