Armstrong was born in Storyville, the red-light district of New Orleans (Greig 9), in August 4, 1901 (Sadie 30). Around the time of his birth, his father, William Armstrong, left the family shortly after Louis was born. He was raised by his mother, Mary Albert Armstrong, and his maternal grandmother. While attending grade school, Armstrong got his first taste in music from a junk dealer whom he worked for. The dealer helped Armstrong buy a cornet, and Armstrong immediately fell in love with the instrument. At the age of 11, Armstrong dropped out of school in the fifth grade to join a street-cornet quartet as a cornettist (Baker 115). Unfortunately, his career took a little detour as he was convicted of firing a gun in a public place on New Year’s Eve 1912 (Baker 115). On the other hand, Armstrong received his first formal music training in the refo...
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Baker, Theodore, Nicolas Slonimsky, and Laura Kuhn. Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. Centennial ed. Vol. 1. New York: Schirmer, 2001. 114-16. Print.
Berliner, Paul. Thinking in Jazz: The Infinite Art of Improvisation. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1994. Print.
Cooke, Mervyn, and David Horn. The Cambridge Companion to Jazz. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2002. 2+. Print.
Dance, Stanley. The World of Swing. New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1974. 6+. Print.
Greig, Charlotte. Icons of Black Music: A History in Photographs 1900-2000. Brown Partworks: London, 1999. 9. Print.
Grove, George, and Stanley Sadie. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. 2nd ed. Vol. 2. London: Macmillan, 1980. 30-32. Print.
Larkin, Colin. The Encyclopedia of Popular Music. 4th ed. Vol. 1. Oxford: Oxford Univ., 2006. 245-47. Print.
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