Beveridge had the intention of eradicating the five ills of society, when he established the welfare state. (Jones & Lowe, 2002) He identified the five ills as; wants, ignorance, idleness, squalor and disease. (Jones & Lowe, 2002). He envisioned this system would be paid for through insurance contributions, this was the creation of social insurance. (Jones & Lowe, 2002) The introduction of the welfare state meant health provisions and education for all. (Jones & Lowe, 2002) These services would be free at the point of delivery, but paid for through taxation, meaning there would be no charge at the point of use. (Jones & Lowe, 2002) Old-age pensions and unemployment benefits were introduced to keep vulnerable groups out of poverty. (Jones & Lowe, 2002)
Recent decades have seen the legitimacy of the welfare state being put under scrutiny. Worsening inequality amongst children and pensioners remain a key problem of the welfare state, despite social security spending being on the rise, along with a lack of financial incentive to go into paid work and ...
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Taylor-Gooby, P., 2013. Why Do People Stigmatise the Poor at a Time of Rapidly Increasing Inequality, and What Can Be Done About It?. The Political Quarterly, 84(1), pp. 31-43.
Taylor-Gooby, P. & Larsen, T. P., 2004. The UK - A Test Case for the Liberal Welfare State . In: P. Taylor-Gooby, ed. New risks, new Walfare: the transformation of the european Welfare State. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 55-82.
The, National Housing Federation, 2013. Bedroom Tax: National Housing Federation. [Online]
Available at: http://www.housing.org.uk/policy/welfare-reform/bedroom-tax
[Accessed 3 January 2014].
Wintour, P., 2010. Politics: The Guardian. [Online]
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