Lord Of The Flies By William Golding Essay

Lord Of The Flies By William Golding Essay

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Lord of the Flies is “an attempt to trace the defects of society back to the defects of human nature” (Themes). Many times society will trump human nature, and other times it may be engulfed by it. Freud Sigmund Psychology expresses these thoughts using the terms id, ego, and superego. Freud states that the id is the instinctive and primitive part of a personality, and ego is “that part of the id which has been modified by the direct influence of the external world” (Freud). Sigmund Freud also uses superego to represent the values and morals that are taught through someone else. Golding wrote the novel Lord of the Flies during a time of war. In times of war, people become killers and savages to “protect” the country they are fighting for. Their morals on murder are then obscured for the sake of “protecting” their country. Lord of the Flies is almost a version of war but in a different perspective. In the novel Lord of the Flies, William Golding uses Freudian Psychology to portray that in the absence of morality and order, instincts may take over and the id can come out.
When there is an authority above the boys, they comply and follow what they are told, which is known as superego. Sigmund Freud calls the superego “our sense of right and wrong” (Carducci). In the beginning of the novel, Piggy is very content with following what his auntie would want him to do, even though he is now stranded on a deserted island. “‘I didn’t expect nothing. My auntie-’” (6). He does not realize that there will no longer be consequences or authority, so he continues to follow the rules he grew up following, or in this case what his auntie would have wanted him to follow. Therefore out of all the characters in the novel, Piggy represents the sup...


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...t was id, ego, or superego. The id is conveyed best with the character Roger because of his savagery at the end of the book because the lack of authority brought his true self out, and he began to only function on instincts. Piggy is the best representative of a superego because throughout the novel Piggy constantly wants order the way he was taught by society and authorities. Ego is portrayed the greatest through the character Ralph. Ralph had almost a mix of superego and id. He was a savage at moments but in the end, morals would show through. Throughout the novel, thoughts of “whether the defects of society lie in the form of society or in the individuals who created it” (Exploring) continuously run through your head because hypothetically speaking, boys stranded on a deserted island are not much different than Americans fighting in a war. Most end up as savages.

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