The Longest Conventional War That The Middle East Essay

The Longest Conventional War That The Middle East Essay

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The longest conventional war that the Middle East has witnessed in the 20th century was not a war between the East and the West, or Arab and Israeli nations as it may expected, but on the contrary between two anticolonial and nationalist Muslim nations, Iran and Iraq. The 1975 Algiers Accord which delineates the two states’ borders through the middle of the Shatt-al-Arab was always a dishonour to Saddam Hussein (Saddam). This political humiliation wafted him to see the Iranian Revolution as a new opportunity to prove his mettle by regaining what historically belongs to Iraq. The militarily-inexperienced Saddam planned to take advantage of the weakened Iranian army and added seizing the coveted oil fields in Khuzestan and annihilating a threatening regime for its secular order to the equation and deduced that this power and prestige may also bring his country the leadership among the Arab nations. Concurrently, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini (Khomeini) had been vigilant against any threat since his political domain had not deepened its roots yet. As the spiritual leader of the revolution and the Islamic Republic, he addressed the Shia population notably in Iraq and showed no hesitation about expansionist implications.
Despite the cease-fire that ended the eight-year-long Iran-Iraq war, the geopolitical impacts still continues to prevail today in the Gulf. This war serves as a lens to grasp Iran’s hawkish rhetoric and its nuclear programme stems from it being a marginalised state; a process which stretched out to the current post-US intervention in the Iraqi state and therefore the Kurdistan question. It is also the war that helped Russia to expand its sphere of influence in the region and the West to interfere in the stabilisation of...


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...d the matter is also explained in the book written by Ashton and Gibson where Razoux was also the author of the “France’s involvement to Iran-Iraq War” chapter.
Despite this the thoroughly embraced and valuable research of Razoux, there are some issues direct the reader to question. These issues will be discussed after reviewing Ashton and Gibson’s book by comparing their stances and style.
The editors of NIP, Nigel Ashton and Brian Gibson are both London School of Economics scholars. Nigel Ashton is an international history professor and his expertise is on Anglo-American relations and modern Middle East. NIP (Routledge, 2013) is the second edited book of Ashton who is the author of three books and the first for the young scholar Gibson who published his first book on 2010 . The sources have some similarities with TIIW, Western archives and seized Iraqi materials.

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