Ecstasy (MDMA) became more readily available on the street in the 70’s and 80’s. The most common use of the drug is in pill form taken orally. However, users have also been known to snort the powder resulting from crushing the pills, and also a more extreme process known as “shafting” or “plugging”; inserting the pill into the anus to be absorbed. (American Council for Drug Education’s, 2001) Ecstasy is considered to be a dangerous street drug because the ingredients are not easily accessible and it has become a common pra...
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3. National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2005, November 01). What does MDMA do to the brain? Retrieved from http://alcoholism.about.com/cs/ecstasy/f/mdma_faq05.htm
4. U.S. Department of Justice Drug Enforcement Association. (2009, June). Drugs and chemicals of concern: 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (street names: MDMA, ecstasy, xtc, e, x, beans, adams). Retrieved from http://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/drugs_concern/mdma/mdma.htm
5. Huffman, Karen, & Reviews, Cram101. (2009). Outlines and highlights for Psychology in Action by Karen Huffman, ISBN. Wiley.
6. The Partnership for a Drug Free America. (2003, July).Ecstasy. Retrieved from http://www.drugfree.org/Portal/Drug_Guide/Ecstasy
7. Reuters, T. (2010). Party drug ecstasy eases PTSD in small study. Retrieved from http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/36645291/ns/health-mental_health/
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