Literary Review on the Non-regular Teachers' Employment in Japan Essay

Literary Review on the Non-regular Teachers' Employment in Japan Essay

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Introduction

Type of employment has been discussed in decade. Therefore, there are many discussions about type of employment such as non-regular employment in Japan.
The definition of non-regular (part-time, temporary, dispatched) employment is one of the type of employment which do not have full time contract. It also means that they are not hired directly by their employer without a predetermined period of employment. In addition, non-regular employment is not covered under public insurance systems including workers compensation, unemployment, health care and retirement pension(Conception 2011). Generally, they resister multiple temporary employment agency.
It is not only in the business sector but also in the education sector. Non-regular employed teachers work in the hourly-wage system because of finance issues in schools. It can be the reduction of labor cost, however it might be related to teachers’ motivation(NHK 2012). Evans (1998b) referred that “ Motivation is a condition, or the creation of a condition, that encompass all those factors that determine the degree of inclination towards engagement in an activity ”(p34). It may imply that motivation is important for efficient activities. Non-regular employed teachers in Japan might have less motivation than regular employment teachers as they have a temporal restriction due to hourly wage system. It means that they cannot work overtime. It also can affect student achievement, namely result of examination, and a trustful relationship with teachers. Thus, the first goal of the current research was to define impacts of non-regular employment teacher in secondary school. This study would be helpful for future recruitment in the secondary school.


Literature review
Explain ba...


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... to give the interviewee to feel free to talk about the problems which they are thinking in their work.
The content of interviews what questions to ask can be divided six categories; Experience/ Behavior, Opinion/ Values, Feeling, Knowledge, Sensory and Background/ Demographic(Patton 1990). It will be concerned that those questions involve when I conduct and analyse this interview. The preparatory interview plan in appendix shows the form the interview will take and some of the areas for discussion predicted, although, the final interview plan will be determined after the questionnaires have been analysed.
Advantage and disadvantage

Sampling
In this research, the population is very small as I am carrying out a case study. I expect that the whole population can be approached and will agree to answer the questionnaire even though they may disagree to be interviewed.

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