The Lion-Tailed Macaques from the Western Ghats Mountains in India Essay

The Lion-Tailed Macaques from the Western Ghats Mountains in India Essay

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The Lion-tailed macaque belongs to the family of Cercopithecidae. And belong to the genus and species of Macaca silenus. They are an old world monkey and the most rare of the macaques. The location of these macaques is in the Western Ghats Mountains in India. They are primarily arboreal in the rain forest but go onto the ground to gather food. “They live in southwest India in pockets of evergreen forests, called sholas, in the Western Ghats range. They live at elevations between 2,000 and 3,500 feet” (Smithsonian National Zoological, 2000). The Lion-tailed macaque is diurnal. The closes relatives of them are the Pig-tailed macaques and Baboons.
The age of maturity for females is five years while males maturity age is eight years. The pregnancy length is five and a half months. Captive Lion-tailed macaques birth patterns are at random throughout the year but the wild ones showed a pattern for births. “Most births occurred from January to April (70%) and September to December (19%)” (Kaumanns, et al., 1429). “80-100% of female and male infants have body contact with mothers up to 15 days after birth” (Kuamanns, et al., 350). Sometimes a mother can give birth to twins. Mother and son interactions are present longer then the interaction between mother and daughter. After nine months the male infants are weaned off of their mothers. But female infants are weaned off of their mother by seven months. After ten and a half months the infants are completely independent. Adult males do not have interaction with offspring, once they mate with female they have no involvement. Once the offspring reach maturity the female will stay in the troop and the males will leave the troop.
Lion-tailed macaques have long, smooth black hair with gray...


... middle of paper ...


...tural habitats of Western Ghats, India. Current science, 94(3),
347-355. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier.
Krishna, B.A., Singh, M., Singh, M. (2001). Behavioural responses of lion-tailed macaques
(Macaca silenus) to changing habitat in a tropical rain forest in the Western Ghats, India,
72(5), 278-91. Retrieved from ProQuest.
Kumar, M.A., Kumara, H.N., Sharma, A.K., Singh, M. (2006). Dominance hierarchy and social
grooming in female lion-tailed macaques (Macaca silenus) in Western Ghats, India,
31(3), 369-377. Retrieved from ProQuest.
Kumar, M.A., Kumara, H.N., Singh, M. (2008). Observations on tool use in captive lion-tailed
macaque (Macaca silenus), 94(7), 925-928. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier.
Smithsonian National Zoological Park. (2000). Friends of the national Zoo. Retrieved from
http://nationalzoo.si.edu/animals/asiatrail/lionmacaque.cfm

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