“When MILLENNIUM APPROACHES, Part One of ANGELS IN AMERICA, opened on Broadway in 1993, Tony Kushner was hailed as the savior of serious American theater” (Gainor, Garner, and Puchner1459). When Kushner wrote Part One of this Gay Fantasia he brought together many themes and issues of the 1980s, the time period this play takes place. Such themes and issues include AIDS, homosexuality, religion, and politics. With every play written a balance must be kept and so Kushner wrote this work with precision. With so many topics discussed Kushner’s writing had to demonstrate a wide range of characters and their differentiating opinions to keep the balance. The sense of balance of this play is demonstrated through the writing style with the similarities, oppositions, and connections of characters.
Similarities between characters can strengthen their relationship and connect their reactions of circumstances, even if the characters do not come together. For instance, Harper and Louis are similar in the ways they abandon their lovers. Louis abandons Prior when the toll of Prior’s declining health and impending death becomes too great. Harper leaves Joe alone coughing up blood when he abandons their religion and their marriage by accepting his homosexuality. Harper was able to build herself up to this point because she always knew Joe was a homosexual. Joe knew something too as he leaves Harper alone as well, going on long walks. Joe abandons Harper emotionally. After the abandoning of their partners, Louis and Joe cling to one another therefore connecting them to each other. The ones left alone, Prior and Harper, are then connected in their loneliness and their hallucinations. They even share...
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...&, 2009. 1459-463. Print.
Kushner, Tony. “Angels in America Part One: Millennium Approaches.” The Norton Anthology of Drama Volume Two The Nineteenth Century to the Present. 1st. 2. Gainor, J. Ellen, Stanton B. Garner JR., and Martin Puchner. New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company Inc., 2009. 1465-525. Print.
All relative material comes from this primary source
Posnock, Ross. “Roy Cohn in America.” Raritan 13.3 (Winter 1994): 64-77. Rpt. in Drama Criticism. Ed. Lawrence J. Trudeau. Vol. 10. Detroit: Gale Group, 1999. Literature Resource Center. Web. 1 Dec. 2011.
Meisner, Natalie. “Messing with the Idyllic: The Performance of Femininity in Kushner’s Angels in America.” Yale Journal of Criticism 16.1 (Spring 2003): 177-189. Rpt. in Contemporary Literary Criticism. Ed. Jeffrey W. Hunter. Vol. 203. Detroit: Gale, 2005. Literature Resource Center. Web. 1 Dec. 2011.
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