Learning is primarily associated with a noticeable change in behavior, behavior that is observed to be an annexed ability to those that an individual already possesses. This observable shift in behavior is complemented by a relatively permanent change, not always a posthaste action following the learning experience. According to Olson & Hergenhahn (2009), the change in behavior (or behavior potentiality) results from experience or practice, and further the experience, or practice, must be reinforced; that is, only those responses that lead to reinforcement will be learned, stated by Kimble (1961). However, Kimble's definition of ...
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...n learning and cognition becomes clear, nonetheless, when looking back to Aristotle and Plato, in which although differing in theories, both are recognized for expounding on learning in a very broad manner. As explained by Olson & Hergenhahn (2009), both believed that the mind is actively involved in the attainment of knowledge. The process involved in learning is cognition itself; the way an individual perceives and processes emotional, environmental, or sensory input and rather permanently applies the newly obtained information to generate a change in behavior is learning through its practice, experience, and reinforcement.
Kowalski, R., & Westen, D. (2009). Psychology (5th ed.). Hoboken, MJ: Wiley.
Olson, M. H., & Hergenhahn, B. R. (2009). An introduction to theories of learning (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.
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