The purpose of this study is to see if there is a link between the birth weight and gestation of newborn babies with smoking mothers and non- smoking mothers. The significance of this investigation is to find a relationship between the two as it might help with health benefits. The features in the investigation are the relationship between the two sets of data between the birth weight and gestation period of smoking mothers and non-smoking mothers.
The median for the whole data set is 3067.5 pounds for birth weight and 39 weeks for gestation period.
The mean birth weight for infants born to smoking mothers is 92.5 pounds less than the infants born to non-smoking mothers. This is a small number compared to the birth weight so it is not significant. The mean of the whole data set is 3019.88 which could be the average birth weight for infants.
The standard deviation of birth weight for infants born to smoking mothers is 10.08 pounds less than the infants born to non-smoking mothers. This is a small number compared to the birth weight so it is not significant. The standard deviation of the whole data set is 341.68 which could be the average standard deviation of birth weight for infants.
The mean gestation periods for smoking mothers is 1.06 weeks more than the gestation period for non-smoking mothers. This is a small number compared to the gestation period so it is not significant. The mean of the whole data set is 38.66 which could be the average gestation period.
The standard deviation of gestation periods for smoking mothers is 0.0096 weeks more than the gestation period for non-smoking mothers. This is a very small number compared to the gestation period so it is not significant. The standard deviation...
... middle of paper ...
...een X and Y values. (In text 3) The coefficient of determination for the birth weight and gestation period of smoking mothers was 87.39% and for non-smoking mothers was 91.52%. This means the number % of the change in birth weight was due to change in the gestation period. For smoking mothers, it was 87.39% and for non-smoking mothers, it was 91.52%.
The limitations of the investigation are that smoking is one of the main factors for the birth weight of infants and gestation period of mothers. There were no proper outliers throughout my results as the data was very close together. This investigation could be improved by having a bigger sample size to make the results of the investigation more accurate and less bias. Based off my results I was able to find the link between the birth weight and gestation of newborn babies with smoking mothers and non- smoking mothers.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Pregnancy among teenagers has always been an important issue in America. In 1995, in his State of the Union address, President Bill Clinton singled out teenage childbearing as “our most serious social problem.” (Furstenberg 1). According to Furstenberg, the reason for this sudden desire to start families early is that, for teenagers, this time period becomes a time where women want to become more domesticated and independent. This is partially due to the transition from agricultural based economies to factory based, as well as the newly large government expenditures on education and housing, and the heavy cultural focus on home comfort and development.... [tags: Teenage pregnancy, Adolescence, Pregnancy]
1365 words (3.9 pages)
- The District of Columbia is the 23rd most population city in the United States with a population of 658,893 (Census). According to UNICEF, teen pregnancy is defined as “A teenage girl, usually within the ages of 13-19, becoming pregnant” ((Link 1). Nationally in the United States, there has been a steady decline of teen pregnancy within the past decade. However, it is not occurring in the District of Columbia, specifically Southeast DC (Ward 7 and 8) which includes areas such as: Lincoln Heights, Twining, Anacostia and Woodland.... [tags: Teenage pregnancy, Poverty, High school]
1051 words (3 pages)
- During your pregnancy, your lifestyle choices affect you and your baby. If you are not taking good care of yourself, you both suffer. 1. Eat Healthy Pregnant women need more vitamins, minerals and nutrients than they did before they became pregnant. Making healthy food choices ensures that you and your baby get everything you two need. Visit ChooseMyPlate to see what you should be eating during your pregnancy. 2. What You Should Avoid During Pregnancy These Foods Do not eat foods that contain high chemical levels, for instance, King Mackerel, Tilefish, Shark and Swordfish have high levels of mercury.... [tags: Pregnancy, Childbirth, Obstetrics]
704 words (2 pages)
- Tom Harkin, US congressman from Iowa, says that obesity now contributes to the death of more than 360,000 Americans a year. The incidence of childhood obesity is now at epidemic levels. Alarm bells are going off all over the place, but our government has basically done nothing. The obesity rate has risen to epidemic proportions in the United States. Communities across the country, recognizing obesity as an issue of serious public health concern, are looking for innovative ways to halt the increasing rate of obesity (Davis 260).... [tags: Health ]
1447 words (4.1 pages)
- Imagine a woman you love dearly, be it your wife, sister, daughter, cousin, colleague, maybe even your own mother, facing an unintended pregnancy. She is stuck between a rock and a hard place and all she knows is that she cannot carry this pregnancy to term. Maybe it’s the wrong time, maybe she’s too young to handle this responsibility, maybe it was a complete accident, the condom broke, she forgot to take her birth control pill, whatever the reason, she just knows she can’t handle the weight of bearing a child.... [tags: Pregnancy, Abortion, Birth control, Childbirth]
1268 words (3.6 pages)
- 6) Infantile respiratory problems due to lack of the stimulation of vaginal birth. In a society increasingly focused on exercise as a standard for health, women in various stages of pregnancy evaluate their current or planned levels of activity and the possible danger to their unborn child in relation to their exercise program. Numerous studies have been conducted to draw a correlation between levels of exercise and abnormal deliveries requiring C-section delivery. While some findings fail to link exercise to abnormal deliveries, the majority of the results point to exercise not only not causing abnormal deliveries, but decreasing the pregnancy risks that would require a C-section delivery.... [tags: Childbirth, Caesarean section, Obstetrics]
909 words (2.6 pages)
- The desired population that our group has chosen to work amongst are female youth from the ages of 16 to19, who are either in the beginning stages of pregnancy or at the parenting phase. The socio-economic status is that of lower income and living in higher poverty communities, therefore the statistics show there are more chances of these youth staying in school “teenage mothers were 17 percentage points less likely to complete high school” (Bowlby & McMullen, 2002, para. 1). There is such a set standard to maintain a job in 2015, which a young mother would not be privy without any formal education “not surprising since increasing emphasis has been put on higher educational attainment in ord... [tags: Teenage pregnancy, Pregnancy, Childbirth]
1004 words (2.9 pages)
- Low birth weight is a major problem which has a global impact. It is a major public health problem. The birth weight of an infant is the single most important determinant of its chances of survival, healthy growth and development.  Definition of Low Birth Weight: According to WHO definition it has been defined as weight at birth of less than 2500 gms (5.5 pounds). That was based on the epidemiological observations that infants weighing less than 2500gms are 20 times more likely to die than heavier babies.... [tags: birth weight, infants, child health ]
1643 words (4.7 pages)
- Age is a big factor when it comes to planning parenthood, in-fact most, if not all couples think long and hard on when they should have children. There are many concerns that play into the decision and include that of fetal health and development, birth complications, and mother’s health concerns. Each one of these is important to consider since they can alter the mother’s lives and possibly their child’s life, forever. As we research the effects that age can have on childbirth we have to consider the research that is used to help us understand the truth and not just the speculations.... [tags: Pregnancy, Childbirth, Obstetrics, Miscarriage]
1233 words (3.5 pages)
- During pregnancy, many women experience hypertensive and diabetic disorders. These disturbances usually cease to exist after delivery; however, they may impose serious complications for mother and or/ fetus. Some evidence suggests that both disorders can be attributed to pre- pregnancy body mass index of the mother, and other evidence suggests that they are precipitated by weight gain that occurs during pregnancy. The authors of ‘Pre-Pregnancy Body Mass Index and Weight Gain during Pregnancy: Relations with Gestational Diabetes and Hypertension, and Birth Outcomes’ theorized in their introduction that “maternal obesity at conception increases the risk of maternal and or/ fetal complications... [tags: body mass, pregnancy, weight gain]
2003 words (5.7 pages)