Essay on The Life of Socrates

Essay on The Life of Socrates

Length: 806 words (2.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Socrates (470-399 BC) was a credited philosopher born in the city of Athens to father Sophroniscus and mother Phaenarete. Despite his world-renowned contributions, he did not leave any written accounts of his life. His story was taught through the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon, along with Aristotle and Aristophanes in various forms of dramatic texts and histories. Among others, Plato wrote many dialogues that quoted Socrates’ exact words. Much of what we know comes from this greatly influenced student. However, Plato being a literary artist, leads many to think that he brightened up Socrates’ teachings as a result of his positive bias. For this reason, much of his history remains uncertain.

Ancient texts have come to various conclusions about how Socrates’ made a living, or where he worked. Some sources presume that he did not work at all. Aristophanes recorded that Socrates accepted payment for teaching and running a sophist school, while Plato's Apology contradicts such accounts and concludes that Socrates explicitly denied accepting payment for teaching. A majority of texts report that Socrates was once a soldier who fought in the Peloponnesian War. Regardless of his possible earnings through teaching, it is clear that he devoted most of his life to teaching philosophy as well as the relationship between law and morality. Though sources are uncertain, Socrates was said to have quoted that he lacks theories of his own, but like his mother the midwife, he understood how to give birth to the theories of others and determine whether they were worthy of survival.

Socrates was famous for questioning his students in an unending search for the truth. He understood that if the series of progressing questions lead t...


... middle of paper ...


...lopment and virtue over the value of material goods. In a way, Socrates’ greatest contribution to modern law was his perception of justice as being something one should not follow merely because it is of policy, but something one agrees with because it truly reflects a good soul and morality. Socrates did not agree, nor conform to the Athenian perception of justice. His actions lead to death, but his teachings were later revived in both medieval Europe and the Islamic Middle East.

Socrates was mentioned in many dialogues written by other philosophers of various regions. Mirza Tahir Ahmad, an Islamic author argues that Socrates was a prophet to the ancient Greeks. Just as other prophets were believed to have done in the Islamic worlds, Socrates brought forth a new level of consciousness to man’s limited knowledge, and provided a new scope for truth to prevail.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Socrates ' Life On Earth Essay

- During Socrates’ life on earth, he challenged traditional thinking in an honest, down to earth way and set the fundamentals of modern western philosophy. However, meletus, a young, egotistical person with the goal to destroy Socrates’ life for “corrupting the yout,” condemned him to death. Conversely, Meletus was actually the person who corrupted the youth for two obvious reasons; he is ignorant and careless. First of all, there was no legitimate reason Socrates should have been brought to court and absolutely no reason he should have been found guilty....   [tags: Corruption, Political corruption, Plato, Socrates]

Better Essays
748 words (2.1 pages)

Essay on Truth Be Told: Socrates' Examinations of Life

- Socrates once said, “The unexamined life is not worth living.” He questioned the very nature of why things were the way they were, while never settling for simple, mundane answers. Socrates would rather die searching for the truth than live accepting what he considered a blatant lie. I like to think of myself the same way. I too would rather examine the wonders of life rather than accept what I am just told. The truth is some can’t handle the truth. I on the other hand welcome it with earnest anticipation and fervent enthusiasm....   [tags: Socrates, philosophy, ]

Better Essays
521 words (1.5 pages)

Analysis Of Socrates 's ' The ' Of The Socrates ' Essay

- In the Crito, Socrates makes some surprisingly strong claims about the voice of the Laws of Athens, which speaks to him and explains why it is unjust to escape the prison. He claims that the citizens are bound to the Laws, and people ought to follow it. If one breaks it, it would cause great harm to the whole country. I will argue that the Athens does not held together by the Laws. I will also claim that neither Socrates nor citizens have an agreement with the laws. Socrates states that the Laws exist for its own purpose....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Soul, Life]

Better Essays
1068 words (3.1 pages)

Essay about Socrates And Plato 's Life

- ... An apology can also be “a formal justification, defense.” This is Socrates’ apology, or defense, of himself in court. He is accused of not worshiping the Greek gods and indoctrinating the youth. These charges are mostly associated with his radical idea of “philosopher kings.” Plato and Socrates both claimed to have more knowledge than the common folk, implying that the philosophers rule, rather than the people. Xenophon, one of Socrates’ students, records this thinking as rule by “the one who knows.” The idea of philosopher kings was quite terrifying to the government officials....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Athenian democracy, Apology]

Better Essays
1197 words (3.4 pages)

Essay on Socrates ' View On Death And The Soul

- Introduction Paper When most think about death and the after life they suddenly become shaken. Is death painful. Is it scary. Is there like after death. Are we truly at peace. What happens to our soul. Those who believe that God is our creator they seem to be less frightened about the idea of death. Socrates on the other hand was never once frightened about the idea of death. Throughout the Apology, one is able to clearly analyze Socrates’ view on death and the soul. The Apology is the actual speech delivered by Socrates during his death trial....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Life, Philosophy]

Better Essays
1192 words (3.4 pages)

Socrates ' Views On Socrates 's Philosophy Essay

- ... Socrates thus is convinced that he is the wisest because he is aware of his ignorance, becoming a firm supporter of the Oracle. The first accuser indicts Socrates for studying a natural philosophy and being careless when teaching and Socrates’s story of Oracle states that he is actually pious. I don’t believe his speech is convincing enough to the jury. His questions to the politicians, poets and artisans unravel their ignorance and arrogance. To the accusers, Socrates attacks their paternal and social authority, the meaning of life they comply with and the virtue that their family and city depend on, which is critical and painful....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Philosophy, Meaning of life]

Better Essays
1217 words (3.5 pages)

Essay on The Life of Socrates

- Socrates (470-399 BC) was a credited philosopher born in the city of Athens to father Sophroniscus and mother Phaenarete. Despite his world-renowned contributions, he did not leave any written accounts of his life. His story was taught through the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon, along with Aristotle and Aristophanes in various forms of dramatic texts and histories. Among others, Plato wrote many dialogues that quoted Socrates’ exact words. Much of what we know comes from this greatly influenced student....   [tags: Biography, Contributions, Philosophies]

Better Essays
806 words (2.3 pages)

Socrates And The Good Life Essay

- ... Socrates is basically saying that someone can’t live their lives worrying about whether or not they will die, but they should worry about if they are participating in acts that are morally just (Strayer). He then uses an example of an Athens soldier, saying that if the soldier was told to stay at a certain place in battle, then he shouldn’t wander from that spot. In fact, he should stand there until instructed others because it is his duty, which makes it morally right to do so. Additionally, if that soldier was to die, he would die honorably (Strayer)....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Plato, Religion]

Better Essays
784 words (2.2 pages)

Essay on The Complicated Life of Socrates

- Socrates was a classical Greek philosopher that was born in Athens, Greece around 470/469 BC. He served in the Athenian army and fought in many battles. When Socrates retired from fighting in the army, he began focusing on expressing his beliefs. He wasn’t the typical “teacher” or “preacher”; he was a very critical and analytical thinker that helped guide his students and the Athenians during his time. Through his teachings and beliefs, Socrates had positive and negative influence on the people during his time and modern time....   [tags: Biography, Greek Philosopher, Athens]

Better Essays
1189 words (3.4 pages)

Essay on Socrates 's Influence On The Life

- Section I Question 1 Socrates describe his role in Athens being gadfly since according to him he is given to the Athens state by God. His work is to persuade, arouse, and reproach the Athenians. Since there is no other like him, he should be spared. In the light of Socrates, who claims “the unexamined life is not worth living” usually is because the greatest good of the man is their daily converse about virtue. That is why the Socrates keeps examining himself and others. Question 2 The two types of virtues are the virtue of character and the virtue of thought....   [tags: Ethics, Philosophy, Morality, Existentialism]

Better Essays
1366 words (3.9 pages)