An analysis of Kafka’s novel from a Marxist perspective reveals that Gregor’s transformation into an insect is a metaphor for the dehumanizing aspects of the class struggle that is breeded by a capitalism, which favors the ideology of a classless society. The characters...
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...st needed to get rid of the burden that was Gregor. For individuals like Grete who want to control their own being and fulfill their potential, they cannot do so in the socialist society that Marxism promotes. However, a capitalist society promotes individuality, creativity, and originality, which are necessary aspects of society for people to express themselves.
Kafka’s The Metamorphosis is novel that delineates both capitalist and socialist societies form a Marxist perspective. A close examination of the interrelations amongst Gregor, Grete, Gregor’s boss, Gregor’s parents, children, and adults has revealed that there is in itself a dialectic between capitalism and socialism. There is an impossibility in this dialect, however, the extremes of both capitalism and socialism can be discussed, debated, and eventually modified to fit the needs of a specific society.
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