Essay about Life is Fractured by Class Struggle in Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosi

Essay about Life is Fractured by Class Struggle in Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosi

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Marxist theory is based on the idea that the homogeneity of one’s everyday life is fractured by class struggle. This discontinuity is caused by the chasm between those who possess wealth and those who do not possess wealth, which occurs, by and large, in a capitalist society. On the surface, an examination of Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosis through this Marxist lens reveals that the novel is a denunciation of the capitalist society in which protagonist Gregor Samsa lives in because of this class struggle. However, one other primary aspect of Marxism’s methodology must be taken into consideration when critiquing Kafka’s novel: dialectics. Marx’s dialectic is a method of discussion, analysis, and argumentation that attempts to understand reality. The dialectic requires that an idea changes due to the negation of that original idea. The two contradicting ideas presuppose each other; without one idea, the other idea has no substance. Furthermore, Marxist ideology stipulates that society does not consist of individuals; rather, society expresses the totality of society’s interrelations--the relations within which individuals stand. By critiquing the interrelations between society and individuals and also the dialectic between childhood and adulthood in The Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka not only highlights the ideologies and criticisms that Karl Marx had of capitalism; Kafka also brings to the forefront dialectical criticisms of the classless society that Marx preached for.
An analysis of Kafka’s novel from a Marxist perspective reveals that Gregor’s transformation into an insect is a metaphor for the dehumanizing aspects of the class struggle that is breeded by a capitalism, which favors the ideology of a classless society. The characters...


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...st needed to get rid of the burden that was Gregor. For individuals like Grete who want to control their own being and fulfill their potential, they cannot do so in the socialist society that Marxism promotes. However, a capitalist society promotes individuality, creativity, and originality, which are necessary aspects of society for people to express themselves.
Kafka’s The Metamorphosis is novel that delineates both capitalist and socialist societies form a Marxist perspective. A close examination of the interrelations amongst Gregor, Grete, Gregor’s boss, Gregor’s parents, children, and adults has revealed that there is in itself a dialectic between capitalism and socialism. There is an impossibility in this dialect, however, the extremes of both capitalism and socialism can be discussed, debated, and eventually modified to fit the needs of a specific society.


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