The Life and Death of Pan-Arabism Ideology Essay

The Life and Death of Pan-Arabism Ideology Essay

Length: 2879 words (8.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Research Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

“To say pan-Arabism is ‘dead’ would be inaccurate- because it was never ‘alive,’ in any meaningful sense, in the first place.” Assess viewpoints for and against this argument, with special reference to at least one appropriate country.

“One Arab nation from Gulf to the Ocean,” gives meaning to the term “Pan-Arabism” in the Middle East. A notion where Arab nations transcend their state boundaries to form political mergers with other states and achieve an ‘Arab unity.’ The existence of Arab states had been tumultuous throughout the decline of the Muslim order, the end of the Ottoman Empire, the Palestinian defeat, Six Day War and Arab-Israeli war in 1973. This essay will critically examine Foud Ajami’s case for a raison d’état in the Middle East and his claim that there were six broad trends leading to the alteration of the balance of power away from Pan-Arabism and towards the state. It will be argued that Pan-Arabism was a romantic ideology that Arab states found convenient to support, all in advancement of their nationalistic state agendas. It was never a realistic endeavor that was physically undertaken by the Arab states and was thus never alive in a tangible sense. However, Pan-Arabism as an ideology had a place in the Middle East and was thus alive in an ideological sense.

Ajami argues that universalism of Pan-Arabism derived from the universalism of the Ottoman Empire had disappeared after 6 decades. There is no longer a collective Arab crisis and nation states have alternate nationalistic goals. A case in point to support his argument would be the example of Egypt. The country has pertinent political and economic issues to concern itself with. Many face unemployment and the country is on the verge of bankruptcy....

... middle of paper ...

...): 355-73. Jstor. Web. 20 Feb. 2014. .
Hilāl, ʻAlī Al-Dīn. Islamic Resurgence in the Arab World. New York, NY: Praeger, 1982. Print.
Hopwood, Derek. Egypt, Politics and Society, 1945-1981. London: Allen & Unwin, 1982. Print.
Hourani, Albert. A History of the Arab Peoples. Cambridge, MA: Belknap of Harvard UP, 1991. Print.
Milton-Edwards, Beverley. Contemporary Politics in the Middle East. Cambridge, UK: Polity, 2000. Print.
Schulze, Kirsten E. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. London: Longman, 1999. Print.
Yapp, Malcolm. The Near East since the First World War: A History to 1995. London: Longman, 1996. Print.
Hassan, Nafaa. "ARAB NATIONALISM: A RESPONSE TO AJAMI'S THESIS ON THE "END OF PAN-ARABISM." Journal of Arab Affairs 2.2 (1983): n. pag. ProQuest. Web. 21 Feb. 2014.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Nationalism in the Middle East Essay

- 3. When discussing nationalism in the Arab world, scholars have distinguished between pan-Arabism (qawmiyya) and nation-state nationalism (wataniya). Define the two forms of nationalism, explain the differences between them and their place in modern Middle Eastern history. Pan-Arabism refers to the aspiration to form a single Arabian super state/an Arab nation (umma arabiyya); the ideology calls for the uniting of all Arab states to form a powerful political union to protect the interests of the Arabs....   [tags: Pan-Arabism, Nation State, Orient]

Research Papers
1603 words (4.6 pages)

Peter Pan, Belle, And Mulan Essay

- Once Upon a Time is a television series aired on ABC, a company owned by Disney’s conglomerate. With this said, it is important to acknowledge Disney’s own adaptation of Disney characters into a series. Once Upon a Time mentions various Disney characters; however, for the purpose of this assignment I will focus on three characters and their origination, to analyze and contrast to this adaptation. The characters to be analyzed are Peter Pan, Belle, and Mulan. While analyzing these characters, we’ll visualize how each character’s personality changes, as the medium of adaptation changes....   [tags: J. M. Barrie, Peter Pan, Neverland, Peter Pan]

Research Papers
1077 words (3.1 pages)

Arthur Machen’s The Great God Pan Essay

- In “The Great God Pan” (1894) Machen uses ancient Greek god Pan to serve as a symbol of spiritual reality that lies beyond human perception and knowledge. Machen’s use of this divine entity and his success in rediscovering a minor figure of the classical pantheon, yet “mostly neglected by earlier authors of English literature” (Pasi 69), provide what Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari argue to be the significant value of a minor author, “…by using a number of minority elements, by connecting, conjugating them, one invents a specific, unforeseen, autonomous becoming” (106)....   [tags: The Great God Pan Essays]

Research Papers
3409 words (9.7 pages)

Analysis Of The Story ' Pan 's Labyrinth ' Essay

- Pan 's Labyrinth is a film with the thrilling mythical story-line in the development of a civil war. A young girl by the name of, Ofelia, is sent out with her pregnant mother to live with her captain/army based stepfather. As she arrives, she is a greeted with a fairy that peaks her interest because of her fascination with fairy-tales. She is directed to a labyrinth and welcomed by a faun explaining her relation to a mystical king. In order to be reunited with her true father, she needs to complete three difficult tasks....   [tags: Greek mythology, Zeus, Pan's Labyrinth, Demeter]

Research Papers
745 words (2.1 pages)

Pan 's Labyrinth By Guillermo Del Toro Essay

- Pan’s Labyrinth. (2006) Directed by Guillermo Del Toro. [Film] Spain: Tequila Gang, Warner Bro. Is set 1944 Spain after the civil war led by Franco. The film can be seen as a dark fairy tale fantasy with elements of violence. The film’s narrative is set between the real world and fantasy. The film is set around Ofelia, who is the main character we follow her journey as she is forced to move in with the Captain who is fighting a regime. It centres on Ofelia completing tasks that are set by a mysterious faun who believes that Ofelia is Princess Moanna from the underworld....   [tags: Pan's Labyrinth, Guillermo del Toro, Fairy tale]

Research Papers
1159 words (3.3 pages)

The War Was A Disaster For The Arab World Essay examples

- The Six-Day War, which occurred in 1967 June 5–10, was the third of the Arab-Israeli wars. In which Israel’s decisive victory captured the lands of the Sinai Peninsula, Gaza Strip, West Bank, Old City of Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights; the status of which would become a major point of contention in the Arab-Israeli conflict. Nevertheless, when the Six-Day War of 1967 between Israel and its Arab neighbors ended in a decisive loss for the Muslim side, many in the Islamic world saw this as the failure of Arab socialism....   [tags: Israel, Egypt, Pan-Arabism, Middle East]

Research Papers
1413 words (4 pages)

Essay on The Children 's Novel Peter Pan

- In the children’s novel Peter Pan by J.M. Barrie, a difficult past of the main character Peter, helped shaped the navigator of Neverland to become the face of youth in more than just a book, but in life. However, this fame came with the realization that Peter has problems that stem from his past that truly make him the eternal boy. Through this, many have related his actions to problems of children today that concern how one copes without having love. Like some children, Peter spent most of his entire life without maternal love, which was broken after seeing his mother with another child while looking through a window....   [tags: J. M. Barrie, Peter Pan, Neverland]

Research Papers
1743 words (5 pages)

Religion, Politics and Gender Ideology Essay

- When someone mentions “witch hunts”, we tend to think about the witchcraft trials that took place during the 14th-16th centuries in Europe or even the Salem Witch trials that accorded during the beginnings of America. Fueled by mass hysteria and fear, the results of these trials ended in burnings or lynching of those believed to be associated with witchcraft. At the heart of these trials we find the influence of society (i.e., widespread fear) and politics which in this case involved the legal courts....   [tags: Gender Ideology]

Research Papers
1010 words (2.9 pages)

Peter Pan Essay example

- I suddenly, and quite strangely, have found myself conflicted about Peter Pan. I thought I knew the story, believed I was familiar with it. My Mother has used the term "Peter Pan Syndrome" to describe nearly every young member of our family at one time or another. It means you never want to grow up, just like the boy in Walt Disney’s animation. Peter wants to play in Never Land forever and avoid responsibility while careening through the air amid pirates and redskins and a strange yet hopeful band of "Lost Boys." It was all so much fun, and I could never figure out why Wendy and her brothers decided to return home....   [tags: Reflective Peter Pan Analysis]

Free Essays
1243 words (3.6 pages)

Pan-Slavism Essay

- Pan-Slavism In the early nineteenth century, Slavic peoples from multiple empires in eastern and southern Europe began to pursue a movement to protect and organize Slavic culture. In 1848, this movement became more political. It gained a reputation and an attempt was made to unify all Slavic peoples. This movement became known as Pan-Slavism. Pan-Slavism appealed to many Slavs who felt nationalism towards their race. However among the Slavs, there were many different opinions. Some believed that there was a cultural, ethnic, and political connection among all Slavs....   [tags: European Europe History]

Free Essays
930 words (2.7 pages)