Human beings are the only specie on Earth that has the ability to question the system they live in. We are normally very curious and we tend to question our surroundings. We are rational creatures that seek information, not only the one directly involved with our lives, but anything that can affect us, in order to know better when taking our decisions. Therefore, it is very important to have an accountable source to be informed from. People usually prefer getting the information from someone who is expert in in the topic, or at least someone who made a good investigation of it. The media answers to this situation by collecting information and showing it to the people in many ways. Frequently, this information creates an impact in society, forcing the journalists to act pursuing a positive one. The question is, how should they do this?
According to the Society of Professional Journalists (SPJ) “The duty of the journalist is to further those ends by seeking truth and providing a fair and comprehensive account of events and issues”. However, several organizations, including some governments, consider that in some cases exposing the truth will trouble the audience and even frighten it. This position is sometimes confused with censorship, which attempts to cover up the truth in order to create a wrong or blurry image of an idea or person. Censorship contradicts the concept of freedom of speech, the right to communicate one's opinions or ideas.
In order to keep this dispute in control, the SPJ has created a code that is used by journalists worldwide, and explains the ethics they should use. This code is based on four big standards: “Seek truth and report it (…) Minimize harm (…) Act Independently (…) Be acc...
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...Notes Impact of Citizen Journalism." Voice of America 29 04 2011, n. pag. Web. 30 Nov. 2013
"Journalism Ethics and Self- Regulation in Europe: New Media, Old Dilemma." UNESCO. UNESCO. Web. 30 Nov 2013. (Source 8)
"Journalists Screened by Military." St Louis Journalism Review. St Louis Journalism Review, n.d. Web. 30 Nov 2013.(Source 6)
Lazaroiu, George. "Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences." The language of Journalism Ethics. Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences, n.d. Web. 30 Nov 2013.
Smith, Kevin Z., and Fred Brown. "Society of Professional Journalists." SPJ Code of Ethics. Society of Professional Journalists, n.d. Web. 29 Nov 2013.
Steinberg , Jacques. "Breaking All the News that Fit to Frighten." New York Times [New York] 1 10 2000, n. pag. Web. 30 Nov. 2013.
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