LGBT Hate Crimes and Suicidality Among a Population-Bases Sample of Sexual-Minority Adolescents in Boston

LGBT Hate Crimes and Suicidality Among a Population-Bases Sample of Sexual-Minority Adolescents in Boston

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Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Hate Crimes and Suicidality Among a
Population-Based Sample of Sexual-Minority Adolescents in Boston
Until 1973, the American Psychiatric Association regarded the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) community as consisting of sociopathic individuals with personality disorders. Today, the stigma has lifted off of these individuals and relationships among the LGBTs are no longer crimes in the US and many other countries; however, select individuals have now taken matters into their own hands exercising differential justice in the form of transnational hate crimes against the social group. In the US alone, roughly one in five all its hate crimes are motivated by the victim's sexual orientation group (Schaefer, 2012). Traditionally, hate crimes are committed by members of the dominant community again those that are relatively powerless. These same feelings of powerlessness, hopelessness, alienation, loneliness, or isolation experienced by those subjugated to these crimes are risk factors associated with suicidality.
Introduction and Background
The American Journal of Public Health recently published on February 2014 on the social issue in the form of an extended study on a correlation between high suicidality among minority adolescent sexual orientation and higher prevalence of hate crimes targeting LGBT individuals in their neighborhood communities. The study, led by Dustin T. Duncan, ScD. and Mark L. Hatzenbuehler, PhD set out to prove "whether suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among sexual-minority adolescents are more common in neighborhoods with a higher prevalence of hate crimes targeting LGBT individuals." Researchers hypothesized higher rates of suicidality among sex...


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...suicide was 20% higher among sexual-minority youths in less supportive environments. This suggests that additional research on other social-environmental factors that may influence suicide risk within this population is warranted in revealing previously unrecognized social determinants of suicide risk among sexual-minority adolescents.


References
Duncan, D. T., & Hatzenbuehler, M. L. (2014, February). Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Hate Crimes and Suicidality Among a Population-Based Sample of Sexual-Minority Adolescents in Boston. American Journal of Public Health, 104(2), 272-278. Retrieved from https://ezproxy.pgcc.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.pgcc.edu/docview/1499845656?accountid=13315
Schaefer, R. T. (2012). Sociology: Prince George's Community College (Thirteenth ed.). United States of America: The McGraw-Hill Companies.

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