Essay about Lenin's Revolution: From Marxism to Leninism

Essay about Lenin's Revolution: From Marxism to Leninism

Length: 919 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Good Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

As the Russian Revolution rose in 1917, so did a new political force known as Communism. When the Czarist autocracy was overthrown, there was now a need for a new government to rule Russia. After the abdication of the Russian throne and a civil war between the Bolsheviks (Red Army) and the Russian Republic (White Army), the Bolsheviks came out victorious and established themselves as the ruling party of Russia. Bolshevik leader, Vladimir Lenin, preached Karl Marx’s infamous pamphlet, The Communist Manifesto because he believed Communism was the ideal political system for Russia. Despite his beliefs in Marxism, Lenin felt that it had its limitations; therefore he applied Marxism to the extent he felt was necessary in establishing communism in Russia.
News of the Russian Revolution first reached Lenin by word of mouth while being exiled in Switzerland. Upon learning about the February Revolution and Czar Nicholas II’s abdication of the throne in 1917, Lenin made it his mission to return to Russia and be a part of the Revolution. While on a train en route to Russia, Lenin wrote what was to be known as his April Theses: his agenda for the Bolshevik Party. He felt that the February Revolution was just an initial stage of the revolution and now the proletarians needed to be organized in order to remove the bourgeoisie to ultimately place proletarians in power. Organizing the Proletarians would create a revolutionary vanguard party that would rule as a proletarian dictatorship. In Marxists terms a socialists dictatorship would allow for the proletariat to have political control. Marx states in his Manifesto that if the Proletarians were to be organized into a political party they would become a strong political force, “The organization ...

... middle of paper ...

...tion because he felt they had only two choices: bourgeois or socialist ideology. Taking part in a socialist revolution would be the only reasonable option for the Proletarians because they have strained their backs for the painstaking labor they have performed for the Bourgeois.
Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin were both revolutionaries with their radical views of government and society. Marx intended for his work to be applied to the societies of Western Europe, with no expectations that Russian revolutionaries would use his teachings as an outline for their own Bourgeois overthrow. The extent of Lenin’s use of Marxism was limited because Lenin adapted Marx’s theories towards the Russian proletarians he would rally support from. By adding the dimension of Leninism into Marxism, Lenin ignited the spark that would lead cause Imperial Russia to become the Soviet Union.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Marxism and Leninism Essay

- Marxism and Leninism According to most historians, “history is told by the victors”, which would explain why most people equate communism with Vladimir Lenin. He was the backbone of Russia’s communist revolution, and the first leader of history’s largest communist government. It is not known, or discussed by most, that Lenin made many reforms to the original ideals possessed by many communists during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. He revised Karl Marx and Friedrich Engles’ theories to fit the so-called ‘backwardness’ of the Russian Empire....   [tags: Communism, Vladimir Lenin, Russia, Revolution]

Good Essays
1618 words (4.6 pages)

Essay on Marxism-Leninism: Three Parts

- Economics mark complexity, innovation, and rehabilitation of a nation. The economy of a nation precedes the turning point towards enhancement or inferiority. “Marxism-Leninism, the communist philosophy of Vladimir Lenin, refines Karl Marx' philosophy with three parts. First, revolution must be violent to succeed; second, revolution is possible because of large peasant and laboring classes; and third, revolution must be controlled by a group of dedicated revolutionaries who will not sell out the revolution before it is completed”("Marxism-Leninism")....   [tags: Communism, Marxism, Lenin]

Good Essays
1269 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on Marxism-Leninism in Vietnam

- Marxism-Leninism in Vietnam In the region of Vietnam there had been many uprisings. All of these uprisings were for one reason, freedom. The Vietnamese were willing to accept Communism in return for what they had been fighting for over 2000 years: self rule. In 1950 the United States, owing a debt of gratitude towards France, sent several advisors to aid French control in Vietnam. Over the next decade and a half, the United States would send an entire Army and Navy to aid the French in maintaining control in South Vietnam, which had separated from the Communist North Vietnam by treaty in 1954....   [tags: Papers]

Good Essays
672 words (1.9 pages)

Lenin Followed the Marxist Ideology More Closely than Stalin Essay

- Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels concocted the idea of Marxism, or Communism, in the mid-1800s, and this philosophy was one of the most influential ideologies of the time period, influencing many European political leaders such as Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov and Joseph Stalin. This brings up a question that historians have disputed for decades: who followed the Marxist policy more closely: Stalin or Lenin. Even though the rules of Stalin and Lenin were both based off of the concept of Communism, Lenin added on to it in the interest of the Russian people while Stalin modified parts of it to his personal benefit....   [tags: Lenin vs Stalin Essays]

Good Essays
1942 words (5.5 pages)

Comparing the Ideology of Lenin and Stalin Essay examples

- Compare and contrast the ideologies and the political and economic practice of Lenin and Stalin. Every state is based upon and driven by some ideology. Imperial Russia was based upon autocratic absolutism for over 400 years. Following the Bolshevik seizure of power in 1917, a new era dawned upon Russia. For the next 36 years she would be in the hands of two men that would attempt to apply a new, vastly different creed in ruling and transforming this country. Vladimir Ilich Lenin, as the leader of the Bolshevik party, ruled Russia from October 1917 till his death in January 1924....   [tags: Lenin vs Stalin Essays]

Good Essays
4174 words (11.9 pages)

Social Conflict and Social Relations: The Marxism Approach Essay

- Introduction Marxism is an approach of societal evaluation that targets societal conflict and class-relations making use of a materialist explanation of historical development, along with a dialectical view of social remodeling. Marxist evaluation uses economic and socio-political examination and applies it to the investigation and evaluation of the development of capitalism and the role of class struggle in systemic economic change (Walicki, 1997). Marxism develops on a materialist knowledge of societal advancement, taking as its starting point the necessary economic activities needed by human society to take care of their subsistence (McLellan, 2007)....   [tags: lenin, revolutionary party]

Good Essays
1609 words (4.6 pages)

Lenin's Contribution to Marxism up to 1905 and the Consequences Essay

- Lenin's Contribution to Marxism up to 1905 and the Consequences Karl Marx was a German philosopher who wrote the Communist Manifesto, which encouraged workers to unite and seize power by revolution. His views became known as Marxism and influenced the thinking of socialists throughout Europe in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Marx believed that history was evolving in a series of stages towards a perfect state - Communism. These stages started with Feudalism - with the aristocrats controlling politics....   [tags: Papers]

Good Essays
1244 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on Revolutions That Changed The World

- Major HIST 1109 – Revolutions that Changed the World Essay "The so-called October Revolution of 1917 was the triumph of Lenin, not of Marx." The Russian Revolution serves as one of the most fascinating examples of fundamental political change occurring in contemporary history. The change from a Tsarist regime led under Nicholas the Second through to a new Marxist socialist society led by Vladimir Lenin and the Bolshevik vanguard took place within a year, and radically changed ideas of politics and existence for many Russians....   [tags: Marxism, Vladimir Lenin, Socialism, Communism]

Good Essays
1520 words (4.3 pages)

The Revolution Of The Reign Of Nicholas I Essay

- Astolphe de Custine, a French Marquis who visited Russia during the reign of Nicholas I observed, “Under an absolute despotism, it is the government which is revolutionary; for the word revolution signifies arbitrary system and violent power” (Custine 574). This remark was true not only for Tsarism, but also became true under the Revolutionary leadership of Lenin and then Stalin. When Tsarism ended in Russia, the people as well as the new leadership thought a new and better state would emerge....   [tags: Soviet Union, Russia, Marxism, Socialism]

Good Essays
1607 words (4.6 pages)

Essay The Revolutionary War : A Communist Utopia

- Lenin was an extremely pragmatic leader, his willingness to make sacrifices to his ideology if it meant Russia eventually becoming his idea of a Communist utopia is evident, specifically during the period of Civil War. These sacrifices meant taking several steps backwards from his Communist utopia into capitalistic ideals. Lenin took inspiration from 'Marxism, ' but forged his own path to suit what he felt would be best for Russia in that time and in the specific circumstances Russia was facing, calling this Leninism....   [tags: Marxism, Vladimir Lenin, Communism, Soviet Union]

Good Essays
1423 words (4.1 pages)