Legislative Solution : The Federal Privacy Act Essay

Legislative Solution : The Federal Privacy Act Essay

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Legislative solution

There are many legislative solution created in the history to try protect privacy information from the "Data Protection Act 1998” to the Canadian "Federal Privacy Act” enacted in 1982. These privacy policy have some level of influence of influence on the increasing act of using privacy information as a tool of business strategy, However, there are still many loophole that does not covered by these policies. Thus, Parliament of Canada published and assented the Access to Information Act (1985) and the reason for this information act to be published is to expand the present of laws in the field of information privacy that increase the present and control on the protection of personal privacy. There are some major focus on the Legislative solution: trade secrets, property right, and five principal ( Notice/Awareness, Choice/Consent, Access/Participation, Integrity/Security, Enforcement/Redress ) (Coppel & Bicarregui, 2010).



United state

Moreover, United state is the earliest country start established on the legislative for the privacy protection. The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) was published by Congress in 1966. The Freedom of Information Act was created to protect the human right of freedom but with “ The Nine Exemptions” : “(1) National Security, (2) Internal Agency Rules, (3) Information Exempted by Another Federal Statute, (4) Trade Secrets, (5) Internal Agency Memoranda, (6) Personal Privacy, (7) Investigatory Records, and (8) & (9) Other Exemptions.” (Bugnitz, 2008) Two of the exemption is involve with the privacy personal protection from the The Nine Exemptions. Firstly, (6) Personal Privacy: this represent the information that once discover will directly cause a clearly infringement of p...


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...ed to solve. Since the The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) publish the “OECD Guidelines on the Protection of Privacy and Transborder Flows of Personal Data” in 1980 as one of the protection on privacy information that initiated international attention to the issue. Furthermore, Europe also published the EU Data Protection Directive in 1995. This Protection Directive create the opportunity for the legislation worldwide. All of the privacy protection regulation are built on the foundation of the eight Basic principles of national application from the OECD Guidelines on the Protection of Privacy and Transborder Flows of Personal Data. Although, all these regulation and law would need to be adjusted through the time, the eight Basic principles would always be the fundamental guideline as the direction on the protection of privacy information.

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