Essay on The Legislative Process and the Congressional Committees

Essay on The Legislative Process and the Congressional Committees

Length: 1487 words (4.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The United States Congress was created by the framers of the Constitution as the most important part of the legislative branch of the national government. The Congress was set up with a bicameral structure composed by the House of Representatives or Lower Chamber and the Senate or Upper Chamber. According to “Origins and Development” and “History of the House”, two descriptions of the history of the Congress, both chambers assembled for the very first time in New York in 1789 and then moved to Philadelphia in 1790 where they stayed for 10 years. In 1800 the Congress moved to Washington, DC; however, it was not until 1857 and 1859 that the House of Representatives and the Senate respectively moved to their current meeting locations in the Capitol after its restoration due to the British invasion of 1814 that burned the building. With more than two centuries legislating, the Congress has acquired great expertise in governing the country and meeting the Constitution’s mandates. Yet, in order to accomplish all its tasks the Congress has a very well-defined structure and very specific ways to proceed. Indeed, in order to undertake the most important of its mandates, “to enact law”, the Congress has a rigorous procedure that is combined with some of the different structural elements of Congress which indicate the direction that bills must follow once introduced. One of the most important of such elements is the congressional committee structure.
The procedure for approving a bill and making it a law involves many steps. The following description is a short summary from “How Our Laws are Made”, an in depth description of the legislative process that can found on the website of the Library of Congress. After a bill is drafted, a member...


... middle of paper ...


... different issues.
In conclusion, even though some of the Congress processes and its structure seem to be made to slow things down and to reduce effectiveness, they exist to, as discussed in class, protect the minority from the tyranny of the majority. After all, one of the main objectives of having a government is to create a balanced society, and to reduce the chances of having social convulsion and anarchy.



Works Cited

“Committee Information”. Clerk.House.gov, n.d. Web. Feb. 25, 2012.
Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives. “How Our Laws are Made”. Thomas.LOC.gov, July 24, 2007. Web. Feb. 25, 2012
“History of the House”. House.gov, n.d. Web. Feb. 25, 2012.
“Origins and Development”. Senate.gov, n.d. Web. Feb. 25, 2012.
Senate Historical Office. “About the Senate Committee System”. Senate.gov, September, 2002. Web. Feb. 25, 2012.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Congressional Committees: The Workhorse of Legislature

- ... One exception is the House Intelligence Committee, which is a permanent select committee. Conference committees are also temporary panels designed to negotiate differences between House and Senate forms of legislature to compromise the exact details of a particular bill. Lastly, joint committees are similar to conference committees, except they are permanent. Joint committees focus on broad areas, and are used of oversight into bureaucratic organizations throughout the Government. It would be as foolish to assume that a committee can know and understand a full piece of legislation as it would be to assume that individual members of Congress would....   [tags: vote, bill, government]

Powerful Essays
638 words (1.8 pages)

Congressional and Presidential Budgeting Process Essay examples

- Throughout history there has been much concern over issues regarding the national debt and government spending. The United States has had its ups and downs with the national debt and the balancing of the budget. As a multitude of changes have been made to improve the budget system many believe that too much control over the budget is vested with the president and the executive branch. While the Congressional Budget and Reform Act of 1974 awarded Congress added power and influence in response to this concern over the budget process, the president still has an advantage in the budgetary process....   [tags: American Government]

Powerful Essays
1356 words (3.9 pages)

Congress, the Committees, and the House V.S. the Senate Essay

- Congress has many functions to keep it working and functioning. They do many things to make laws, make sure they’re fair, and much more. There are also many committees with important jobs. There are many things that influence congressional elections such as reapportionment, redistricting, much more. There are many people who make up the House and Senate and they have many important jobs to keep things running smoothly. One function of Congress is lawmaking. It is one of their main jobs to make rules for Americans, but they don’t initiate most of the bills they pass....   [tags: US Government]

Powerful Essays
1146 words (3.3 pages)

Wilson's Congressional Government Essay

- Wilson’s classic work, Congressional Government, proves to be one of the most enjoyable reads in political science. While it is time bound in some small aspects its substance is timeless, and therefore correctly deserves the title of being a “classic.” As Wilson points out in the preface to the 15th edition, some of the facts and details have changed over time, but the substance of the work has not. In the introduction Wilson paints a picture of the United States government that is very critical, if not all together cynical....   [tags: Literary Analysis]

Powerful Essays
1161 words (3.3 pages)

Congressional Term Limits Essay

- Congressional terms have no limits. Controversy exists between those who think the terms should be limited and those who believe that terms should remain unlimited. The group that wants to limit the terms argues that the change will promote fresh ideas and reduce the possibility of decisions being made for self-interest. Those who oppose term limits believe that we would sacrifice both the stability and experience held by veteran politicians. They also point out that our election process allows the voter to limit terms, at their discretion....   [tags: congress, self-interest, politics, ideas, election]

Powerful Essays
943 words (2.7 pages)

The Legilative Process in the United States Essay

- ... It is mandatory for the bill to be filed with the chief clerk of the House of Representatives, and additionally filed with the secretary of the senate. Once the bill is presented, it is then referred to a committee. In both chambers of congress, there are committees that are assigned to specific jurisdictions. These jurisdictions are based on the expertise they have in specific topics. It is the responsibly of these committees to take further action, such as assigning the legislation to a subcommittee for further review, or to let the bill die....   [tags: House of Representatives, Senate, Congress]

Powerful Essays
536 words (1.5 pages)

The Evolution of the Federal Budget Process Essay

- Federal spending is necessary for the economy and is essential to the accomplishment of national goals and advancement. This is why a budget is needed, however, there is no actual process mentioned in the Constitution that explains how Congress should do this. The Constitution states: No Money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law; and a regular Statement and Account of Receipts and Expenditures of all public Money shall be published from time to time....   [tags: federal spending, government budgeting]

Powerful Essays
997 words (2.8 pages)

Essay about Congress: Budget Bill

- In the US the Congress must pass budget bills to give appropriations to different things to help this country run. It can be a very difficult process if the president and Congress belong to different parties because of their opposing views. It takes a lot of effort, compromising, patience, and will to have a bill passed. In this paper I will talk about different budget bills, the Congressional Committees they must go through, the president’s part in shaping/passing the bill, what the final bill will look like, the positives and negatives of the bill, and why I think it will or will not become a part of the budget....   [tags: congressional committees, appropriations]

Powerful Essays
2040 words (5.8 pages)

Essay on Lobbyists and The Legislative Process

- Lobbyists and the Legislative Process Word Count: 1,638   Table of Contents Part A: The Plan of Investigation 3 Part B: Summary of Evidence 3 Part C: Evaluation of Sources 5 Part D: Analysis 6 Part E: Conclusion 8 Part F: Sources 9   Part A. Plan of Investigation Research Question: To what degree are lobbyists’ successful at influencing the legislative process in Congress. This investigation analyzes the influence of lobbyists on the legislative process in Congress....   [tags: influence, progress, political action]

Powerful Essays
1596 words (4.6 pages)

Essay on Review: Loyalty and Legislative Action

- ... This set the stage for the Lusk Committee in 1919-1920, which clearly degenerated quickly into a good old fashioned witch hunt, that as Chamberlain asserts, “violated almost every canon of responsible conduct....ranged recklessly of individual rights...with wanton disregard for such fundamentals as separation of powers and due process of law.”(203-04) Chapter two looks into the events of the 1930's in the Empire State. Lawmakers passed the 'Ives Loyalty Oath Law' in 1934, that specifically required teachers and school administrative personnel to swear they were not members of the communist party, nor advocated communism or other ideals subversive to American democracy....   [tags: New York state legislature]

Powerful Essays
893 words (2.6 pages)