Exactly what are performance-enhancing drugs? They are, as the name implies, chemical substances administered with the intent to improve a player’s performance. However, in legal terms, there is no concrete definition. Professional athletic associations have archived lists of banned substances, but the rules vary from sport to sport, and from organization to organization. This is because it is invariably difficult to draw definite lines distinguishing treatments from enhancements. Norman Fost, MD, in Performance Enhancing Drugs, helps illustrate this dilemma:
Consider the mythical planet of Asthmatica, where everyone wheezes all the time. Suppose a child was born into this population with an albuterol-secreting tumor, which relieved his wheezing and allowed him to run laps around everyone on the planet. Scientists and industry would undoubtedly seize the opportunity to create a cell line from the tumor, and manufacture industrial quantities of the drug. Assume the new drug were shown to be safe, effective, and eventually cheap. Would use of this wonder drug be treatment or enhancement?
By general definition, a player taking an ibuprofen for sore joints is technically using a PED, as it is a chemical substance engineered to improve performance. Nonethele...
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...What’s wrong with enhancement?” Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sports, Ed. American Medical Association Journal of Ethics, 2004. Web. 19 March 2014
Malik, Kenan. Tainted Gold. Procon.org. 2004. Web 28 March 2014
"Performance-Enhancing Drugs." Sports in America: Recreation, Business, Education, and Controversy. 2008. Encyclopedia.com. Web 28 Mar. 2014 Roberts, Gary. What Should Baseball Do About Drugs. Procon.org. 13 Dec 2004. Web. 31 March 2014
Ryan, Sharon. “What’s So Bad About Performance Enhancing Drugs?” Forthcoming in Philosophy and Football, Ed. Michael Austin. University Press of Kentucky, 2008. Web. 19/3/2014.
Savulescu, Julian, PhD, and Bennett Foddy. Drugs in Sport, Ed. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2003. Web. 19 March 2014
Shuster, Sam, PhD. There's No Proof That Sports Drugs Enhance Performance. Procon.org. 2006. Web 28 March 2014
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