The Legal System Of The United States Essay

The Legal System Of The United States Essay

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The legal system in the United States doesn’t have a lot of gray areas when it comes to murder cases, usually someone’s going to jail at the end of the day. However there are certain cases involving children where the law needs to be viewed with exceptions. Sometimes the laws need to bring new ideas and concepts into consideration that weren’t thought of when the laws were originally written. For instance in most cases when an adult kills another adult, the adult who killed the other person will be convicted and sent to prison. But in the cases of when a young child kills another person the law cannot be too quick to convict them due to many discoveries in the field of childhood development. A young child ages 2-6 is still developing biologically, cognitively, emotionally and socially and wont be fully developed until later on in life (Berger 2014). Due to these reason the child may act or do certain things that they are not fully in control of. It’s obvious that adults and children are different physically, but the differences go far deeper than just that. There are many reason why the law that applies to fully developed adult should not and cannot be applied to cases involve young children. The vast difference between them, adults and children, must be considered when looking at aspects of a crime committed by child.

When ruling on a child murder case, biological development during early childhood is a concept that a judge must take into measure. The brain is very immature during childhood and many parts of the brain are not fully developed until adulthood. One part of the brain that is severely underdeveloped is the limbic system. This system controls everything from emotions and memory to the production of hormones. (Berge...


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...our action is a basic fundamental idea of human nature and modern society, nevertheless you cannot hold a child accountable if they have yet to become a fully developed human both physically and mentally. Children ages 2-6 do not have full control of there impulses due to the still maturing limbic system. Also Children ages 2-6 do not grasp ideas with logic and do not have a reasonable thinking skill set yet. Third, a child’s emotions are wildly immature from the ages of 2-6, causing them to act out and do things adult would otherwise deem inappropriate. Whether it is brain, cognitive, emotional or social development, children are vastly different than adults. Ultimately it is the adult responsibility to be able to recognize the developmental difference between the two age groups and take them into account not just in murder cases, but also in all aspects of life.

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