Essay on The Legal Drinking Age Of 1984

Essay on The Legal Drinking Age Of 1984

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The legal drinking age is the age which one has to attain to be protected by the law when purchasing or drinking alcohol in the given country. The national minimum drinking age act of 1984 raised the legal drinking age from the previous 18 years to 21 years (Carpenter & Carlos). The enactment of the law saw the United States get into a group of four states in the world where the legal drinking age is above 18 years with the other three countries being Japan, South Korea, and Iceland. In the recent past, arguments have been advanced on whether the legal drinking age in the United States should be lowered to eighteen years or remain at 21 years. Studies indicate that more than half of the United States citizens are against lowering the legal drinking age. Most of those in opposition of lowering the drinking age are older citizens while most of the young citizens are pro lowering the drinking age. The government of the United States should not lower the legal drinking age as maintaining it at 21 has more benefits to the country, the young people and the population in general.
Alcohol consumption in early age can interfere with the brain development specifically the frontal hemispheres, which are mainly associated with the emotions, planning and staying organized. Wechsler & Nelson notes that the use of alcohol during adolescence is related to increased chances of alcoholism during adulthood and other irresponsible behaviors such as high-risk behavior and unplanned pregnancies (Wechsler & Nelson 986). Carpenter and Dobkin reinforce this point by stating that reducing the legal drinking age will lead to approximately sixty-three more arrests for assaults and additionally eight more arrests for robbery every year per every one hun...


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...drinking in teenage as viewed as “forbidden fruit” (Engs 2). Learning how to be responsible alcohol consumers is one of the things that American youth need to learn.
In conclusion, the reviewed arguments favor a status quo in the legal drinking age in the United States. Despite the arguments for the legal drinking age to be lowered to eighteen based on the need for cultivating responsible drinking, allowing teenagers to drink while it is medically proven to have health consequences is wrong. The necessity of maturity before one is handled the responsibility to drink means that when they attain twenty-one years, they are less likely to become binge drinkers. Arguing that the legal age to buy alcohol in other European countries is much lower hence the need to lower in the United States is a fallacy that should be ejected as Europe does not set standards for America.

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