Legal Aspect of Affirmative Action Essay

No Works Cited
Length: 1298 words (3.7 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Purple      
Open Document

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Affirmative action programs are often misunderstood. Each person has their own idea of what affirmative action really entails. This paper will provide an overview of the legal aspect of affirmative action. The differences between affirmative action programs and equal opportunity legislation will be explained. The positive arguments will be presented along with the negative arguments. The affects affirmative action has on the society of the United States will be analyzed. Finally the reactions of beneficiaries of affirmative action will be discussed.

Affirmative action has many definitions and can be approached from multiple viewpoints. The controversy surrounding affirmative action can be linked to misunderstandings of what exactly affirmative action entails. Affirmative action is multiple social programs that have the goal of creating equal opportunity and preventing discrimination against ethnic minorities and women. The goal of affirmative action is to “create a society, workplaces, and educational institutions in which individuals or groups are not stigmatized or excluded from opportunities on the basis of race/ethnicity or gender.” (Soni, 1999, p. 577) Affirmative action also has the goal to attempt to redress the effects of previous discrimination. An employer that follows affirmative action standards will “act positively, affirmatively, and aggressively to remove all barriers, however informal or subtle, that prevent minorities and women from having equal access to all levels of the nations educational, industrial, and governmental institutions.” (Soni, 1999, p. 579)

In a legal sense affirmative action became a full-fledged policy when Executive Order 11246 was passed in 1965. Many insti...

... middle of paper ...

...ies of affirmative action develop unfavorable self views and feel stigmatized in the eyes of others. (Soni, 1999) Other beneficiaries report the exact opposite. These beneficiaries realize that affirmative action has provided them with additional opportunities and enjoy working for employers with affirmative action programs. This illustrates the point that individuals will react differently to the idea of affirmative action depending on how it is defined. A common ground needs to be established to ensure that benefits affirmative action do not come at too high of cost. The goals of affirmative action and the need for these programs should be reevaluated to reflect the needs of our current society. Our social programs should develop with our society to work to improve it. The question is whether affirmative action benefits our society or harms it.

Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

This essay is 100% guaranteed.

Title Length Color Rating  
Improving Families Network: Providing Equal Employment Opportinities Essay - Improving Families Network provides equal employment opportunities (EEO) to all employees and applicants for employment without regard to race, color, religion, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, national origin, age, disability, genetic information, marital status, amnesty, or status as a covered veteran in accordance with applicable federal, state and local laws. Employee Families Network complies with applicable state and local laws governing non-discrimination in employment in every location in which the company has facilities....   [tags: Affirmative Action] 1719 words
(4.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Reverse Discrimination and Affirmative Action Essay - Reverse Discrimination and Affirmative Action Discrimination in employment has been an issue that has plagued our society throughout history. At the turn of this century it was acceptable to advertise job openings and specifically state that people of a certain race, color, religion, gender, or national origin "need not apply". A lot has changed over the last 100 years. The proverbial "pendulum" has swung in the direction of federal protection of certain people, but the problem now is that it has swung too far....   [tags: Papers Quota Racism Equality Essays] 3989 words
(11.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Affirmative Action Essay - Affirmative Action Blacks and other minority groups have been wrongfully persecuted and punished and have suffered the indignities of discrimination. As Martin Luther King stated so eloquently in his "I Have a Dream" speech, blacks should be judged "…not by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character." Our American culture with its political, legal, and social considerations, is struggling with the idea of white redemption while offering minorities a more fair and proportionate representation in the working community....   [tags: Papers] 1139 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Necessity of Affirmative Action Essay - It is illegal to institute quotas and to fulfill them solely based on the race or gender of the applicant in any affirmative action programs. Employers and schools are required to set goals and time frames, for hiring or recruiting women and minorities to achieve racial diversity. Due to under representation of African Americans, women and minorities, affirmative action was created. It was created to ensure the inclusion of all qualified individuals and to prevent race and gender discrimination....   [tags: Affirmative Action]
:: 4 Works Cited
1081 words
(3.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay about Affirmative Action - Affirmative action caught in tale of the two cities of Boston, Massachusetts and Denver, Colorado. Since the late 1980s, race and sex-based contracting preference programs in the U.S. cities have faced significant challenges in the courts (Rubin). On February 7th, Boston Mayor Thomas Menino announced his plan to eliminate a 15 year old program that required bidders on city construction contracts to subcontract 15% of work to minority-owned business enterprises and 5% to women-owned firms (Rubin)....   [tags: Affirmative Action] 870 words
(2.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Affirmative Action Essay - After you graduate from college, you will be putting in your application for a job that you went to college for. Even though you might be the most qualified for the job you still might not obtain the position. Affirmative Action sometimes causes this because companies have to hire a certain number of minorities relative to the size of the company. This means that if there are no minority citizens available, immigrants who aren’t even US citizens can take the position. This is why Affirmative Action should be readjusted, because it is helping immigrants instead of the people it was meant for, American citizens....   [tags: Affirmative Action Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
1086 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay about Affirmative Action - In 1997, three students were denied admission into the University of Michigan. Each of them, in turn, sued the school, charging them with discrimination. In one of the cases, a student was denied admission into Michigan’s law school. Chicago Sun-Times writers Dave Newbart and Kate Grossman reported that last Monday, June 23, 2003, in a 5-4 majority ruling, swing vote Justice Sandra Day O’Connor judged for the school maintaining their right to consider the race of their applicants. In a second decision, the court ruled that they supported the University’s use of race in their admissions policy, but use of a point system was unconstitutional under the fourteenth amendment (Equal Protection Cl...   [tags: Affirmative Action Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
1066 words
(3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Affirmative Action - “The ‘under representation’ of any racial group, it was decided, was evidence of discriminationâ€?(Guernsey). Affirmative action did not start out as a reverse discrimination towards white males, but it was meant to help everybody, but failed nearly completely after a time of which it was affected. The original concept of affirmative action excluded any mention of preference. “Launched during the late 1960s by the administration of President Richard M. Nixon, affirmative action programs call for guidelines and goals in the hiring of racial and ethnic minorities, the handicapped, and women....   [tags: Affirmative Action Essays]
:: 5 Works Cited
1662 words
(4.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Affermative Action Essay - Affirmative Action Affirmative Action efforts were started in 1964 to end the long history of overlooking qualified people of color and women from higher education. Affirmative Action sets standards for a business or office of admissions, so that a white man does not have the upper-hand over an equally or greater educated minority. The initial way the government tried to justify Affirmative Action was to develop a human resource approach: first identifying the problem, which is racism then establishing the solution (Phillips 67)....   [tags: Affirmative Action Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited
1273 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Affirmative Action Essay - Affirmative Action Introduction      Though affirmative action may have been valuable in the beginning, it has long since outlived any usefulness it may have had. That it ever had any usefulness is questionable, based on comparisons between overall black populations socioeconomic standing today and that of the mid-1960’s. Today, it is little more than a scapegoat behind which inferior performance can hid very well, and that scapegoat’s upkeep has become far too extravagant in today’s society.                 “We didn’t land on Plymouth Rock my brothers and sisters--Plymouth Rock landed on us,” Malcolm X’s observation is brought out by the facts of America history....   [tags: Affirmative Action Racism History Essays]
:: 7 Works Cited
3207 words
(9.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]