One form of demographic pressure that lead to the Civil War was ethnic differences. From the beginning, this disparity was evident. The original settlers of the North were English. In contrast, the original settlers of the South were Welsh, Irish, German, and Spanish. This created a divide in the nation because even though "one may not be able to talk of ‘The South’ at such an early date [...] observers at the time understood the area was distinct from New England and the Delaware Valley". Furthermore, the North and the South were originally settled by different ethnicity. This lead to major differences in the cultures of the two areas.
These differences created a rift between the colonies that continued to expand with the influx of new immigrants. The North received many immigrants who brought in the ideas and values of their home nation. This caused the North...
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...he form of economic, social, ethnic, and political differences. The North had an industrial, free labor society while the south had an agrarian, slave labor one. Each of the two sides had initial settlers of different ethnicities. The North also had an influx of many immigrants who brought in the ideas and values of their home nation which gave the North a culture that was a sort of melting pot. Meanwhile, the South had no new immigrants and built a social structure around the ideas and values of its initial settles. Lastly, the North believed in a strong federal government and supported Republicans like Lincoln while the South believed in a more state’s rights and supported the Democrats. Thus, the North and the South had a variety of demographic differences that created a divide in society that resulted in the South’s succession and later resulted in the Civil War.
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