The Legacy Of The American Civil War Essay

The Legacy Of The American Civil War Essay

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The United States became a country divided on April 12, 1861 through May 10, 1865 while it was at war with itself after American Southern slave states seceded from the Union. Newly elected President Abraham Lincoln, leader of the Republican Party, is about to lead America down a path that would end with America’s bloodiest war as a result of his anti-slavery expansion agenda and the Deep South’s dependence upon slavery. Southern states consisting of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Texas band together in order to form the new Confederate States of America. Jefferson Davis, a former US senator and secretary of war is elected as the Confederate’s first and only President. While the reasons behind the American Civil War have been controversial, the issue of slavery has always been front and center of the debate.

On March 4, 1861, Abraham Lincoln was sworn in as the 16th President of the United States of America. During his inaugural address, President Lincoln spoke for Union preservation and compromise. President Lincoln promised he would not initiate force to maintain the Union or interfere with slavery in the states in which already existed (Tagg). However, a decisive decision would soon be made to resupply Fort Sumter in Confederate Charleston, South Carolina. President Lincoln vowing not to give up federally controlled property ordered the fort be supplied, manned, and ready for pending military action. On Friday, April 12, 1861, at 4:30 a.m., Fort Sumter was attacked by the Confederate and the American Civil War had officially begun.

During 1st and 3rd of July 1863, the Battle of Gettysburg became the definitive Civil War battle that would eventually turn the tide of the war in fa...


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... Union fighters fought to preserve the Union and not to end slavery. The issue of slavery was a secondary measure. Even many Southern fighters were not fighting for the salvation of slavery. His Emancipation Proclamation after the Battle of Antietam did free all slaves in rebellious states and eventually led the way for slavery’s abolishment. With the Thirteenth Amendment to the US Constitution, which abolished slavery, was adopted on December 18, 1865.

The American Civil War brought upon an estimated 750,000 deaths, the deadliest war in American history. While the battlefield was deadly in itself, disease counted for two-thirds of all fatalities. It was a true industrial war bringing on the support of mass produced weapons, railroads, and steamships. Immediately following the American Civil War, the United States transitioned over to the Reconstruction Era.

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The Legacy Of The American Civil War Essay

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