Living in the house of Jongintaba and being awarded the same chieftaincy, Mandela soon became captivated with the idea of holding court and exercising the highest ideals of power. While listening to the court elders, Mandela first gained knowledge of Robben Island – a place of exile and demise for the Xhosa speaking tribes. The island was located 400miles off the coast of Cape Town and served as an imprisonment camp during the white settlement and British rule. The heroic chief stories of Robben Island sparked a curiosity for deviance and bravery within Mandela, launching his idea of resistance towards opposition.
As if the nostalgic heroism of Thembu history hadn’t impacted Mandela’s young developing mind enough, Wesleyan Methodist missionaries began to spread the devout word of Christianity across South Africa. Under the guardianship of Chief Jongintaba, Sunday church service was never to be missed. It was here that Mandela was impressed by the missionary school education and the opportunities the education would allow him. He spent the majority of his schooling clinging nearby his adoptive brother, Justice, admiring him for all of his accomplishments.
After his sixteenth birthday and circumcision ritual, Jongintaba imparted Mandela with his destiny: upon completion of missionary school he would be of service to the Thembu household and counselor to the Thembu chieftaincy. While under the guidance of Reverend Cecil Harris of Clarkebury missionary school, Mandela became familiar with his first white family. From Clarkebury he moved on the Healdtown, the battlegrounds for frontier wars. Here he met many Africans from different areas, with different languages and traditions. Mandela took up long-distance running and box...
... middle of paper ...
...on allowed for presidents to serve two consecutive 5-year terms, Mandela declined to serve a second term.
Death and Legacy
At the beginning of 2011, Mandela began to suffer chronic illnesses. He was briefly hospitalized several times over the next couple of years. In 2013 a recurrent lung infection became too severe to be sent home and he stayed in the hospital in critical condition for several months. By September that same year, he was permitted to leave the hospital – presumably to die at his home. On December 5, 2013 Nelson Mandela passed away at the age of 95. Zuma announced his passing on television and called for a 10-day national mourning period. His body lay in state from the 11th to 13th until it was moved to Qunu for final burial on the 15th. His multimillion-dollar estate would be left to his widow, family members, staff, and educational institutions.
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