Abraham Lincoln was born in Hardin County, Kentucky on February 12, 1809. Born into a family of farmers, education was not a priority of theirs. Lincoln’s father, Thomas Lincoln, only possessed enough literacy to sign his name. At the age of two, Abraham learned his ABCs by attending school for a few weeks with his older sister Sarah. After being moved in 1811, Abraham again moved in 1816 on Pigeon Creek in Indiana, a newly admitted state. There has been speculation that the family moved because of their distaste of slavery. This may have some truth due to the fact that they belonged to a Baptist denomination that left the parent church over the slavery issue. However, the foremost reason was uncertainty in Kentucky of land titles. Indiana had a system of secured titles surveyed under the Northwest Ordinance. While living on Pigeon Creek, Abraham became useful on the farm and was able to fit in a few more months of education in a one roomed schoolhouse. Abraham and his family moved once more settling in central Illinois. After being raised poor and illiterate, Abraham Lincoln was determined to make a life better for hi...
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... slavery than to keep it out of the territories. On towards Presidency, Lincoln realized the challenge he faced ahead; a divided nation.
Until Lincoln’s inauguration, there were many attempts to propose compromises between Congress and the south. Most important were constitutional amendments made by Senator Crittenden of Kentucky. The focus in this compromise was a proposal to allow slavery south of certain coordinates “now held, or hereafter acquired.” Some were prepared to lean toward compromise but Lincoln spoke up persuading them to stay firm. In a letter he wrote, “Entertain no proposition for a compromise in regard to the extension of slavery. We have just carried an election on principles fairly stated to the people…If we surrender, it is the end of us.” A month before the inauguration delegates from the seceded states formed the Confederate states of America.
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