Essay about Learning and Cognitive Perspectives in Psychology

Essay about Learning and Cognitive Perspectives in Psychology

Length: 1299 words (3.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Many historians wondered great questions that would today be called psychological. Many wondered how a person processes information through their senses and transform this information to solve problems, and become motivated to act in significant ways. They wondered about the nature and whether or not it controls us or is it something we control ourselves. Like today’s psychologist historians wanted to describe, predict, understand, and modify behavior to increase the human knowledge and happiness. Unlike Psychologist today, scholars did not rely deeply on empirical evidence. They often used observations based on anecdotes or descriptions of similar cases.
Early approaches of psychology eventually evolved into the five major theoretical perspectives: the biological, learning, cognitive, sociocultural, and psychodynamic perspectives, which now dominate the field. These approaches reflect different questions psychologist may have about human behavior and how the human mind works. It can also describe different ways of explaining why people act, behave, and do what they do.
Two of the most known perspectives in psychology are the learning and the cognitive perspectives. The learning perspective is a psychological approach that reflects how the environment and how experience affects a person’s or animal’s actions. It emphasizes the importance of a unique experience in families, schools, and communities. Within this perspective, psychologist keeps their attention mainly on the environmental rewards and punishers that maintain or discourage certain behaviors. Behaviorists do not generally order the mind to explain behavior. They often prefer to continue with things they can observe and measure directly such as acts and events taking p...


... middle of paper ...


...rison of these two different viewpoints and illustrates how these differences might be translated into practical applications in instructional situations.


Works Cited

Cherry, K. (n.d.). Major perspectives in social psychology. Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/socialpsychology/f/socpersp.htm
The learning perspective. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.internationalcounselor.org/Psych/learning_perspective.htm
Learning the developmental stages of your child. (2007, June 26). Retrieved from http://www.lifescript.com/soul/self/growth/piagets_theory_for_parents.aspx?gclid=CPmYjZCH_rkCFVNo7AodyDwA2g&trans=1&du=1&ef_id=Uk8ohwAAAfgVDyBy:20131004204958:s
McLeod, S. (n.d.). Cognitive perspective. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/cognitive.html
Wade, C., & Tavris, C. (2012). Invitation to psychology (Fifth ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Psychology And Cognitive Psychology Essay

- There are many types of psychology in the world. Some are used for studying behavior, being educational or counseling someone. People wonder how do we gather information, how we see the world from different perspectives or some insight on how our brain works. Thankfully, there is an area of study that focuses on this direct topic and it is called cognitive psychology. Cognitive psychology is the study of the mind. Its main focuses are the mind as a pathway to process information also including things such as perception, attention, language, and memory....   [tags: Psychology, Cognitive psychology, Cognition]

Strong Essays
1473 words (4.2 pages)

Essay 5 Major Perspectives in Psychology

- The five major theoretical perspectives in psychology are biological, learning, cognitive, psychodynamic, and sociocultural perspectives. Each one of these perspectives searches for answers about behavior through different techniques and through looking for answers to different kinds of questions. Due to the different approaches, each perspective form their own assumptions and explanations. Some perspectives are widely accepted while others struggle for acceptance. Biological perspective "The premise behind the biological perspective in psychology is that all actions, feelings, and thoughts are associated with bodily events." Biological psychologists examine how all of the electrical impuls...   [tags: Psychology Perspective essays research papers]

Free Essays
1046 words (3 pages)

Psychological Perspectives Of Psychology And Psychology Essay

- The field of psychology has opened different hypothesis from a variety of theories with the aim of studying the behaviour of humans being as a result they concluded with five psychological perspectives. Behaviourist, Biological, Psychodynamic, Cognitive and Humanistic perspectives are the deduction after a depth study of mental activity associate to human behaviour. In this essay I will be comparing two psychological perspectives according to aggressive behaviour. The Behaviourist and Psychodynamic perspective are based on experiences during childhood....   [tags: Sigmund Freud, Psychology, Behaviorism]

Strong Essays
872 words (2.5 pages)

The Five Perspectives of Psychology and Relationships Essays

- Personality is defined as the distinct variances in individual patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving. (Rathus, 210) Personality study can be divided into two extensive areas. The first is understanding individual dissimilarities in certain personality characteristics, such as amiability or petulance. The other is understanding how the various parts of a person come together as a whole. There are five general perspectives in psychology, each of which emphasizes different factors in an attempt to understand how a personality develops and relates to others....   [tags: Marital, Cognitive, Personality]

Strong Essays
727 words (2.1 pages)

Essay about Is Psychology A Science?

- Is Psychology a Science. Psychology is commonly defined as 'scientific ' study of human behavior and cognitive processes. Broadly speaking the discussion focuses on the different branches of psychology, and if they are indeed scientific. However, it is integral in this to debate to understand exactly the major features of a science, in order to judge if psychology is in fact one. There must be a definable subject matter - this changed from conscious human thought to human and non-human behavior, then to cognitive processes within psychology 's first eighty years as a separate discipline....   [tags: Scientific method, Psychology, Science, Theory]

Strong Essays
1271 words (3.6 pages)

Essay about Perspectives of Psychology

- Psychology as we all know is the scientific study of the behavior of humans and animals. The following paragraphs will compare and contrast Psychodynamic, Behavioral, and Humanistic perspectives of psychology. Each one of these perspectives searches for answers about behavior through different techniques and through looking for answers to different kinds of questions. Due to the different approaches, each perspective form their own assumptions and explanations. Some perspectives are widely accepted while others struggle for acceptance Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow were the key people in developing the Humanistic Perspective, Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson were the key people in develo...   [tags: Humanistic Psychology Human Behavior Essays]

Free Essays
438 words (1.3 pages)

Major Theoretical Perspectives in Psychology Essay

- Major Theoretical Perspectives in Psychology INTRODUCTION In this assignment I will be describing the five major schools of psychological research. These are Behaviorism, Biological, Cognitive, Humanist and Psychoanalytical. I will then attempt to evaluate the pros, cons and practical applications of the Behaviorist and Psychodynamic approaches. BEHAVIORISM The earliest origins of behaviorism can be stemmed from the philosopher John Locke (1632-1704). He believed that the human being is born as a 'tabula rasa'....   [tags: Psychology Papers]

Strong Essays
2417 words (6.9 pages)

The Theory Of Psychology And Psychology Essay

- What started as an interesting pairing between an anthropologist and a psychologist, lead to some of the most ground breaking explanations of psychoanalytic principles. John Dollard, an anthropologist, was interested primarily in human social conditions. He researched the ever important topic of discrimination based on race in the southern part of the United States. While Neal Miller, a psychologist, studied the theories of learning. He also is well known for this contributions on the area of biofeedback....   [tags: Psychology, Personality psychology]

Strong Essays
941 words (2.7 pages)

The Psychology Of Cognition And Cognitive Development Essay

- Introduction The study of the ways in which people affect, and are affected by others, is known as social psychology; a primary means by which people affect one another is through the medium of Communication (Kruglanski and Higgins, 2007). At the heart of communication is the idea of shared meanings between one, or more people, however, communication is not simply a case of exchanging words; through the process of communication we create meanings and an understanding of what words and behaviours represent or imply (Ramaraju, 2012)....   [tags: Language acquisition, Noam Chomsky, Linguistics]

Strong Essays
1277 words (3.6 pages)

Cognitive Psychology Essay

- Cognitive Psychology Psychology is defined as the study of mind, emotion and behaviour. One major perspective within psychology is known as cognitive psychology, which is primarily concerned with the explanation of thought processes through the development of theoretical mental systems. Cognitivism is somewhat broad in it’s approaches to psychology and only linked in it’s goal to create hypothetical mental structures to explain behaviour (“History & Scope Of Psychology”)....   [tags: Papers Neurology Essays]

Strong Essays
1750 words (5 pages)