When conceptualizing leadership theory it is easy to acknowledge what sets each school of thought apart. To illustrate a deeper insight, this paper will analyze two theories within the same school of thought. This paper attempts to dissect the reasoning and shortcomings behind each theory. Two popular theories from the classical school of leadership theory are trait theory and contingency theory. Early leadership theory focused on a heritability of genetic makeup all leaders possess.
Trait theory has experienced a critical recent history. Having many followers and support through the middle of the twentieth century, it was soon denounced for ignoring the significance of situations and its disregard that traits can evolve. Early trait theory credited an innate, heritable quality that fostered leadership. An individual either had it or he did not. Recently, trait theory has accepted the idea that such traits can develop over time and in certain situations. It has also furnished an extensive list of what traits and qualities create successful leadership.
Stephen Zaccaro has elaborated on the early trait theory, provid...
... middle of paper ...
...ble (bright) (Judge 863). Some leaders possess undesirable traits, which he calls dark. Leadership has a positive connotation when throughout history we have seen leaders who have not advanced or had a positive impact on society. He posits leaders can have both bright and dark traits. In his theory, Judge identifies and explains each bright trait and each dark trait. He elaborates on each trait citing a paradox, that even some bright traits could foster negative implications in certain situations and some dark traits could foster positive implications depending on context. For each of the twelve traits, Judge provide a bright implication and a dark implication. Such traits, moderated by certain situations lead to leadership effectiveness. A significant point, Judge provides different moderators for subjective leader effectiveness and objective leader effectiveness.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Contingency theory and situational view. Contingency theory, developed by Fiedler (1967), is similar to situational theory, in that the leader applies various leadership methods; however, the similarities end there. Rather than adapting to situations, the contingency leader adapts least favored-worker concept to draw the disinterested or less skilled worker into the environment (Fiedler, 1967). Contingent reward offers a kind of acknowledgement or feedback that motivates the quality of affiliation between transactional leaders and their followers.... [tags: Leadership, Fiedler contingency model]
1127 words (3.2 pages)
- Leadership Theories This paper will address the three theories that are chosen applicable to Educational Leadership. The theories comprise, path-goal theory, situational theory and contingency theory. These theories will be compared and contrasted relevant to Educational Leadership. Additionally, this paper will explain how a particular theory adds or may add to the understanding of Educational Leadership. According to Barnard, theories relevant to educational leadership effect the actions of subordinates and encourage them to follow a specific program of action (Barnard, 1938).... [tags: Leadership, Situational leadership theory]
1050 words (3 pages)
- INTRODUCTION Fiedler’s Contingency Model is known as a leader-match theory (Fiedler and Chemers, 1974). This means that it will try to match leaders depending on the situation (Northouse, 2013). The reason for the model being called contingency is because effective leadership is contingent on matching a leader’s style to the right setting (Northouse, 2013). Contingency Theory focuses on leadership effectiveness based on the leader’s style and the type of situation (Ayman, Chemers, & Fiedler, 1995).... [tags: Fiedler contingency model, Leadership]
1812 words (5.2 pages)
- Fielder’s Contingency Theory Introduction Leadership styles refer to the manner and approach, through which directions are provided, plans being implemented and motivating people. From the employee’s perspective, it encompasses the patterns of both explicit and implicit actions that a leader performs. Kurt Lewin conducted the first major leadership study in 1939 by leading a group of researchers in identifying the various types of leadership (Burnes, 2004). The study remained influential by establishing three major styles of leadership.... [tags: Leadership, Fiedler contingency model, Management]
821 words (2.3 pages)
- 2. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTERACTING LEADERSHIP VARIABLES IN SITUATIONAL/CONTINGENCY APPROACH. Situational Leadership Theory developed from the writings of Reddin (1967). Reddin 's 3-Dimensional Management Style Theory posits the importance of a manager 's relationship orientation and task orientation in conjunction with effectiveness. Although Reddin suggested that his framework explained effectiveness as a function of matching style to situation, his approach did not identify specific situational attributes that could be explicitly incorporated into a predictive scheme.... [tags: Leadership, Situational leadership theory]
1388 words (4 pages)
- ... Once again, we need to emphasize the idea of leadership as an interaction influence system involving a leader, follower, and situational variables. Contingency theory The main emphasis of Fidler’s contingency model of leadership effectiveness is on the interaction between a leader’s style of leadership and the favorableness of the situation for the leader. The leader’s style can be thought of as varying between a highly task-oriented approach and a relationship oriented approach. These styles are not unlike the Ohio State dimensions of initiating structure and consideration.... [tags: contingency theory, path goal theory]
736 words (2.1 pages)
- An Executive Summary of Sports Leadership: The Multidimensional Theory Sport leadership is an emerging area of research. Most of the leadership models from business management psychology field helped to shape some of the initial models that led on to popular sports leadership models such as the contingency theory (Fiedler, 1964), the discrepancy theory (Chelladurai, 1984), the path-goal theory (House, 1971), and the transformational leadership theory (Bass, 1990). After reading relevant research Chelladurai and Carron in 1978 conceptualised the multidimensional leadership model.... [tags: Leadership, Management, Fiedler contingency model]
1430 words (4.1 pages)
- Contingency Theories Of Leadership: A Focus On The Situational Leadership Model Name Institutional Affiliation Contingency Theories Of Leadership: A Focus On The Situational Leadership Model Introduction The situational leadership model in essence suggests that there is nothing like a one size fits all approach with regards to leadership. Therefore, depending on the situation at hand, there are varying levels of management and leadership that are deemed necessary. However, all leaders are encouraged to first identify their most vital priorities or tasks with regard to leadership and management.... [tags: Leadership, Situational leadership theory]
715 words (2 pages)
- The situational theory approach and contingency approach are both two major types of leaders approach that researchers have studied for several years. Northhouse (2013, p.99) stated that, “the premise of the theory is that different situations demand different kinds of leadership”. For simple understanding it means that leaders have to be able to switch and adapt their style as different situation arise. Situational approach is broken down into two main dimensions, which is the directive (task) and supportive (relationship) behaviours.... [tags: Leadership, Management]
1093 words (3.1 pages)
- . Fiedler’s Contingency Theory Fiedler 's contingency theory is one of the contingency theories that states that effective leadership depends not only on the style of leading but on the control over a situation. There needs to be good leader-member relations, task with clear goals and procedures, and the ability for the leader to mete out rewards and punishments. Lacking these three in the right combination and context will result in leadership failure. Fiedler created the least preferred co-worker (LPC) scale, where a leader is asked what traits can be ascribed to the co-worker that the leader likes the least.... [tags: Leadership, Management]
1353 words (3.9 pages)
- The Impact Of Technology On The Nature Of Warfare
- Love Is Portrayed As An Inaccessible Virtue
- Rhetorical Analysis Of Jonathan Edwards 's ' Sinners 's The Hands Of An Angry God '
- The Role Of Hierarchy Of A Labour Society
- Health Planning Strategies For Seniors
- No Matter How Unjust And Undeserved Suffering